Diseases

What symptoms appear in women if the liver hurts

Liver diseases are acute or chronic. The defeat of this important organ is equally dangerous for both men and women. However, the female gender is characterized by individual characteristics of the causes and symptoms of the disease.

Symptoms of liver disease in women can be detected unexpectedly at the reception of a gynecologist, cosmetologist, narcologist, therapist. Identify and treat the disease in a timely manner as soon as possible. Severe consequences in the form of cirrhosis with liver failure and cancer are not the only problems that violate the woman’s health and life plans.

The term "hepatopathy" is used to denote various unclear symptoms, presumably associated with liver damage, for the diagnosis it is not suitable.

What liver functions provide a woman’s health?

The importance of normal liver function is the same for people of both sexes. This body synthesizes a lot of necessary substances, is the largest depot of energy reserves, utilizes toxins, poisons, all toxins that the body receives from the external environment and produces during its life using biochemical methods.

It is impossible to replace liver function with another organ. A significant reserve stock of cells allows you to perform work even with the loss of 1/3 of the parenchyma. Therefore, a person does not immediately detect the first signs of a disease.

In protein metabolism - it synthesizes essential amino acids, various types of protein components for building cell membranes, performing transport functions, immunoglobulins, coagulation and anticoagulation factors. In fat metabolism - produces lipoproteins, cholesterol, triglycerides.

Carbohydrate metabolism - is provided by obtaining energy from incoming glucose, glycogen stores. If necessary, reactions of “extraction” of calories from proteins and fats can occur in the liver. To carry out such a synthesis, enzymes and coenzymes are necessary. Their role is played by vitamins B, PP, C, K, E, D, micronutrient reserves of cobalt, iron, copper.

The liver is connected to other organs through the endocrine system. For the female body, its role as a producer of sex hormones, ensuring the work of the adrenal glands and the thyroid gland, is extremely important.

The "factory" for the processing of toxins and toxins with a healthy liver does not allow the accumulation of products left after the assimilation of food, drugs, alcohol, industrial and household harmful substances. They are disinfected and enter the intestines with bile. At the same time, the liver supports the necessary composition and process of bile formation for digestion.

Causes of liver damage in women

Various factors lead to liver problems. Viral hepatitis - an inflammatory disease that passes depending on the type of virus quickly or slowly into the chronic stage, accompanied by a gradual loss of organ function. In the absence of treatment, transformation into cirrhosis is inevitable - an irreversible replacement of liver cells (hepatocytes) with scar tissue.

Inflammation of the liver can be caused by toxic substances (medications, salts of heavy metals), alcohol, an autoimmune process with increased sensitivity and the development of antibodies to own cells. Of harmful medicines, the effect of antibiotics, hormonal drugs, contraceptives, cytostatics should be taken into account.

Liver infection is not only due to viruses. A negative role is played by various parasites, helminths. Pathology is caused by roundworms, amoeba, alveococcus, causative agents of leptospirosis, echinococcus. They contribute to local inflammation, form abscesses, cysts.

Nutrition requires the constant participation of the liver in the processing of incoming components. Failure in work is accompanied by a significant consumption of animal fats, fried and smoked meat, spicy food. The production of bile is disrupted. The lack of sufficient volume of vegetables and fruits creates a deficiency of vitamins, which greatly complicates the synthesis of enzymes.

Dysfunctional heredity is expressed in genetic fermentopathies or a predisposition to inflammatory diseases. It can be expressed in violation of the structure of the liver tissue, vascular bed.

Acute suppurative diseases of the abdominal organs bring the source of infection close to the liver, create convenient conditions for the spread of the lesion to the portal vein (pylephlebitis), the occurrence of organ abscesses. Injuries to the abdomen provoke the formation of cystic cavities in the liver.

Modern treatment of blood diseases, cancerous tumors by irradiation in combination with chemotherapy leads to hepatitis and is accompanied by signs of liver disease. Obtaining a significant dose of radioactive contamination in emergency situations includes the symptoms of liver disease in women in the clinical picture of radiation damage.

The role of alcohol in liver damage in women

The effect of alcohol on the body differs from more stable men. Alcoholic liver disease develops with prolonged intake of maximum doses in terms of pure alcohol. The low resistance of women is due to a lack of the alcohol dehydrogenase enzyme in the gastric juice. The hepatic fraction of the enzymes is quickly consumed, the products of alcohol processing accumulate acetaldehyde and acetic acid, which lead to cell destruction.

The easiest stage is fatty degeneration or steatosis. It is determined in 100% of women who abuse alcohol. The process enhances the simultaneous use of easily digestible carbohydrates, obesity or being overweight. Fat metabolism disorders are exacerbated. For women, the critical period begins at the climacteric age, when hormonal defense ceases.

As a result, an increase in the formation of triglycerides in hepatocytes leads to the deposition of fatty inclusions. At this stage, all changes can disappear without consequences if a woman refuses alcohol for at least a month. It is important that the disease does not yet appear with any symptoms. In the case of continued alcohol intake, fatty degeneration occurs (hepatocyte replacement with adipose tissue).

Alcoholic hepatitis is a more severe variant of the lesion. In the center of the liver lobules in response to acetaldehyde, an accumulation of inflammatory elements occurs, a special protein hyaline is formed. It affects cells, compresses the bile ducts and blood vessels, causes stagnation of bile, oxygen starvation of hepatocytes.

The consequence is the death and replacement of fibrous tissue. With a loss of more than 50–70% of the number of hepatocytes in a sick liver, symptoms of liver failure appear.

Signs of liver disease in women

The first signs are manifested by general symptoms that are not specific to liver damage. They are ignored or explained for other reasons. With careful questioning, a woman talks about:

  • a feeling of heaviness in the hypochondrium on the right,
  • incomprehensible weakness, drowsiness,
  • loss of appetite
  • stool problems
  • bruising.

Beautician patients who carefully monitor the signs of youth and beauty note:

  • increased wrinkle formation,
  • dryness and peeling of the skin,
  • the appearance of age spots,
  • loss of elasticity
  • red dots and "stars" on the face,
  • jaundice gray
  • swelling in the morning
  • small abscesses and rash due to a drop in immunity.

Underarm hairiness on the pubis is reduced. A woman consults a gynecologist about prolonged menstrual bleeding, a malfunction in her schedule, or the inability to become pregnant. This is caused by the incipient synthesis of substances of the coagulation system, sex hormones.

With the development of the disease appear:

  • pain in the hypochondrium on the right and in the epigastric zone - constant dull (with hepatitis, cirrhosis, pylephlebitis) or paroxysmal (with cholecystitis, liver abscesses),
  • pain can be accompanied by fever and chills (abscess, pylephlebitis),
  • nausea and vomiting with bitterness - indicates a violation of the secretion of bile, intoxication,
  • urine becomes dark, and feces become lighter - the sign depends on the release of bilirubin into the blood,
  • loss of appetite, apathy, drowsiness - are associated with toxic effects on brain cells,
  • losing weight.

The skin first turns pale, then acquires a yellowish tint, the sclera of the eyes may turn yellow even earlier. Typical appearance of age spots on the face and body, pustular rash, skin itching, red spots on the palms and soles.

In the chronic course of diseases, all the signs accumulate gradually. External symptoms are combined with the condition of the liver. On palpation, you can feel the protruding edge of the organ in the right hypochondrium, soft or sharp, palpate the hard nodes.

Inspection and observation of the patient pays attention to an increase in the abdomen with cirrhosis, expansion of the saphenous veins in the umbilical region. This is due to the consequences of hypertension in the portal vein system, fluid effusion in the abdominal cavity.

The abdomen becomes tense, the navel protrudes. In some women, the muscles of the white line diverge and an umbilical hernia appears. With a slight jerking movement, on the one hand, a wave is felt on the other.

The neuropsychic sphere of a person is changing. A woman becomes apathetic, mental abilities to remember, learn something are lost, constantly wants to sleep. Poisoning of brain cells leads to encephalopathy and coma.

Clotting disorder is accompanied by bleeding gums, nose and hemorrhoidal bleeding, hematomas throughout the body. With cirrhosis with high pressure in the portal vein system, a threat of gastric and esophageal bleeding is created. A woman has vomiting of a bloody mixture, black loose stools.

What kind of examination is prescribed by a doctor?

Patients, even with minimal symptoms, should carefully approach the examination problem, pass all the tests and undergo studies to determine the role and degree of liver damage.

The most frequent recommended tests: general blood test, coagulation factors, protein, alanine and aspartic transaminases, bilirubin, glucose.

In the analysis of urine, the presence of bilirubin, protein, glucose is checked. Special tests are prescribed for the detection of viral hepatitis: virus markers, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for antibodies or antigens, immunoblotting, polymerase chain reaction method for the detection of virus RNA.

To check the structure of the liver, size, state of blood circulation of the organ are used: ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. These methods diagnose nodular formations, an increase in the shares. A cytological conclusion is obtained only after examination of the punctate material or biopsy of the liver tissue.

To solve the issue of surgical intervention, an examination of the surface of the organ using laparoscopy may be required first. Under anesthesia, a probe with an optical device at the end is inserted into the peritoneum through a small incision. It is possible to take material samples from the damage zone. The diagnosis is made only after comparing all types of studies.

Disease treatment

Therapy of liver disease should be started early. The resistance of the organ to damaging factors gives a chance to preserve and maintain the remaining intact tissue.

Women suffering from alcoholism have the opportunity to restore part of the liver cells with the help of intensive therapy and a complete rejection of alcohol. In this case, a very positive moment is a change for the better in appearance, the appearance of signs of skin rejuvenation, and the elimination of cosmetic defects.

In the regime, it is recommended that you include physical therapy, long walks. If you are overweight, it is necessary to carry out unloading under medical supervision and perform physical exercises that are feasible.

Pathology of the liver is accompanied by a violation of the absorption of food, especially fats. Exacerbation of pain is often associated with overeating. Therefore, from the nutrition of a sick person should be excluded:

  • fatty meat dishes,
  • confectionery and sweets,
  • bean
  • spicy seasonings and sauces,
  • cereals from barley, corn, wheat and barley groats,
  • smoked and pickled
  • all types of alcohol, soda, beer,
  • strong coffee and tea,
  • baking,
  • any fried foods.

It is recommended to exclude radishes, radishes, garlic, onions, white cabbage, sorrel, spinach from a set of vegetables, from cranberries and fruits - cranberries, citrus fruits, currants, raspberries, grapes. Juices are contraindicated: tomato, grape, orange.

To restore the cells of a diseased organ, all substances, vitamins, microelements, and a sufficient calorie intake are needed. The following foods are allowed in the diet:

  • lean meat (chicken, rabbit, veal),
  • vegetable, mucous, milk soups with cereals,
  • fat-free kefir, cottage cheese,
  • seafood, low-fat fish,
  • high-grade wheat products (pasta),
  • cereals (oatmeal, buckwheat),
  • egg white steam omelet,
  • salads with fresh vegetables and herbs seasoned with vegetable oil,
  • fresh fruits, vegetables, compotes, decoctions, juices, fruit drinks.

Drug therapy

Hepatitis is treated with different drugs depending on the etiology (antiviral drugs, corticosteroids, antibiotics, cytostatics). The class of essential phospholipids includes Essential Forte, Phosphogliv, Esliver. Normalize fat metabolism in hepatocytes.

  • from thistle Gepabene, Silimar, Karsil, Silymarin,
  • from chicory and yarrow LIV-52,
  • from artichoke Hofitol.

When pregnant women detect functional liver disorders, obstetricians recommend, in addition to diet, to take the well-known Essentiale hepatoprotector with a course of 40-60 days.

The class of medicines of animal origin include drugs made from the liver of pigs and cattle, they are suitable for humans to cleanse the body, relieve intoxication (Sirepar, Hepatosan).

Amino acid-containing drugs contain essential protein components, are strong antioxidants, restore hepatocytes (Heptral, Heptor). Treatment with a parasitic etiology of liver damage is effective only with specific drugs.

When do they turn to surgery?

Symptomatic cirrhosis therapy may require hemostatic agents, urgent surgery for varicose veins of the esophagus and stomach. Removal of an abscess of the liver, echinococcal cyst is carried out under extreme care. If the pathogen enters the bloodstream, it causes general sepsis.

With hypertension in the portal vein system, they resort to operations to create additional ways for the outflow of blood. In case of severe liver failure, it is impossible to restore the organ, so the only way is donor liver transplantation.

Traditional Medicine Tips

In folk medicine, in the chronic course of diseases after removing the signs of exacerbation, decoctions and tinctures from the following medicinal herbs are recommended: dandelion and artichoke roots, rose hips, strawberry leaves, corn stigmas. Cake from milk thistle (meal) can be purchased at the pharmacy. It is brewed in a thermos or taken before eating, chewing and drinking water.

For a woman's health, impaired liver function threatens many problems. Even minor signs eventually cause persistent changes. Therefore, you can not postpone examination and treatment.This is especially true for women hoping to have a healthy baby.

Causes of Disease

The liver in women and men is affected due to the same reasons. The organ in question is one of the most stable in the body and is endowed with a huge ability to recover.

The following factors can lead to problems with the body:

  1. Viral particles. These include viruses that cause any type of hepatitis. They lead to the formation of an inflammatory reaction in organ tissues. Hepatitis A is considered the safest, and hepatitis C is recognized as the most serious.
  2. Toxic compounds. Prolonged and regular exposure to the body of environmental toxic substances (gases, chemical elements, heavy metals) or a single exposure to a high dose lead to organ pathologies. In this case, a slight increase in the liver without the formation of malfunctions is formed, as well as extensive cell death with overflowing into a dangerous disease.
  3. Medicines The use of large amounts of such drugs as Bisiptol, Interferon, Phtivoside, Paracetamol, Phenabarbital, Sulfademetoxin, Amontadin, Tuboside, Aspirin, etc. can lead to pathology. As a rule, these are drugs of the antiviral, anticonvulsant and anti-tuberculosis spectrum of action.
  4. Alcoholic drinks. Daily use of alcohol in servings exceeding 40 grams leads to adverse effects on the liver.
  5. Infections and parasites. Among them, the leading role is assigned to cyclophilids, roundworms, leptospira. They serve as a factor in the formation of both acute pathological transformations and lead to chronic diseases in the form of polycystic.
  6. Abundant consumption of high-calorie foods, excess in the diet of fats or carbohydrates, increased weight. This diet leads to the constant processing of a large amount of fat, turning it into cholesterol.
  7. Genetic predisposition, hereditary pathologies and individual mutations.
  8. Acute disorders in the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, forming with the participation of suppuration. Cause thrombosis.
  9. Injuries in the area of ​​the biliary system.
  10. Radiation. Often leads to mutations that cause cancer.

How the liver hurts: symptoms in men and women

To the question: “how does the liver hurt: do the symptoms differ between men and women”, the experts answer quite clearly. Symptoms of liver disease in men and women are the same.

A long period of pathology can progress without symptoms., and only after a certain amount of time do the signs of the disease appear, signaling problems and malfunctions in the functioning of the organ. Disturbances of work can be expressed by the following types of pain:

  1. Slight aching sensitivity, heaviness and bursting in the right side of the body. They signal the formation of inflammation. This type occurs when the size of the organ changes. Patients are not able to clearly indicate the pain point.
  2. Intense, extensive pain in the right side of the body. They are not common and report either a strong pathological process, or a lesion of the common bile duct by calculi.
  3. Very pronounced localized point pain in the area of ​​the organ. Signals a lesion of organs adjacent to the liver.
  4. The complete absence of pain. It is considered the most dangerous case in which pathology is detected in the last stages of cirrhosis.

First signs

Signs of liver disease in men and women are the same. With the formation of the disease, disruptions in the body can be expressed by the following manifestations:

  • severe weakness
  • acne on the face,
  • high fatigue
  • decreased appetite
  • dramatic weight loss
  • unhealthy look
  • palpable pain in the right side of the body,
  • feeling of nausea
  • gagging
  • a feeling of bitterness in the oral cavity,
  • frequent burping
  • obstructive jaundice
  • itching of the skin,
  • increase in liver volume.

Types of diseases and their symptoms

Symptoms of liver disease in men and women may vary slightly depending on the problems that caused them.. There are a large number of hepatopathies, the main ones are the following liver diseases:

  • cirrhosis
  • cholelithiasis,
  • hepatitis,
  • toxic lesions.

The development of cirrhosis manifests itself in the irreversible replacement of parenchymal tissue, after which the organ functions are violated, and the development of subsequent liver failure and portal hypertension. The patient develops the following manifestations of liver failure:

  • swelling on the legs
  • ascites
  • loss of appetite
  • fatigue increase
  • weakening of immunity,
  • pain in the right side of the body,
  • frequent swelling
  • hemorrhages and bruises on the skin.

Cholelithiasis

Gallstone disease (GLC) is a pathology in which stones appear in the bile ducts.

Signs of gallstone disease are recognized by the exact location and volume of the formed clusters. Based on the severity of inflammation and functional malfunctions, symptoms of gastrointestinal tract and its course may vary.

Symptoms of gallstones are the same for men and women. Gallstone disease is most often characterized by a syndrome - it is an acute pain that suddenly occurs in the right side of the body. After several hours of pain, the focus is at the location of the organ. Also, pain can be felt in the shoulder girdle, neck, scapula, abdomen or give to the back. Sometimes it moves to the heart region, which can cause heart disease.

Pain in stones in the gall bladder occurs due to an excess in the diet of high-calorie spicy, fatty, fried or spicy foods and alcohol, against the background of severe stress or great physical activity. Also, a symptom can be a long stay in an inclined position during work. Reflex spasm leads to pain., which is formed in the muscular system and common bile ducts in response to irritation of the wall of an organ or duct by calculi.

The second cause of pain is an overstretched organ caused by excess bile, whose movement out of the body is difficult. When acute cholelithiasis occurs, symptoms in the form of pain are caused due to expansion of the common bile ducts and enlargement of the liver in volume.

Signs of stones in the ducts and gall bladder can manifest as vomiting and nausea. Vomiting is a reflex reaction to large-scale irritation. In the period of exacerbation caused by inflammation, vomiting becomes more frequent and helps the body free itself from part of the bile.

Exacerbation and intoxication can cause subfebrile temperature, in severe cases, fever occurs.

Symptoms of gallstone disease in men and women can be manifested by the presence of yellowness of the skin and discolored feces.

There are many types of hepatitis. This pathology is viral in nature and is characterized by damage to hepatocytes.. One of the most common inflammatory hepatitis infections is types A, B, and C.

The disease has quite standard symptoms:

  • feeling unwell,
  • high fatigue
  • decrease in working activity,
  • elevated temperature in subfebrile limits,
  • increase in liver volume,
  • joint pain
  • itchy skin
  • change in shade of feces to light,
  • migraine,
  • fever,
  • pain in the right side of the body,
  • obstructive jaundice
  • discoloration of urine to darker.

Toxic damage

Any toxic lesion has two types of symptoms. The first includes manifestations of negative effects on the liver (obstructive jaundice, pain in the right side of the body, an increase in organ volume). The second option is the symptoms of damage to neighboring organs.

The acute effect of hydrocarbons is manifested by impaired consciousness, migraines, severe weakness, in advanced cases, coma may occur. These are the primary symptoms. After them appear obstructive jaundice, stool disturbance, nausea, vomiting, subfebrile temperature, breathing problems, change in skin tone to cyanotic, bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract. Acute renal failure can be fatal after a maximum of two weeks. Sometimes death occurs on the second day.

Upon receipt of high doses of benzene and its derivatives, aplastic anemia, clouding of the lens of the eye, cirrhosis, bleeding of the mucous membranes and ascites appear.

The defeat caused by arsenic in adults can be manifested by an increase in organ volumes, obstructive jaundice, malfunction of the peripheral nerves and the liver itself.

Phosphorus poisoning leads to high bleeding and a drop in blood glucose.

A copper lesion causes severe pain in the stomach, vomiting, stool disturbance, nausea, bleeding, and decreased urine output. May be fatal.

Poisonous mushrooms cause symptoms during the first day of poisoning. They also affect the central nervous system and kidneys. There is obstructive jaundice, nausea, vomiting, acute pain in the stomach, and stool disturbance. There is a violation of the functioning of the circulatory system (cardiac arrest may occur) and the brain (impaired consciousness, convulsions). A necrotic state develops, leading to a halt in the synthesis of protein molecules. Half of the patients have a liver, the rest suffer from cirrhosis of the last stages.

The use of lichen grass seeds leads to yellowness of the skin, severe pain in the right side of the body, a sharp increase in body weight, ascites, itching of the skin and an increase in organ size.

Signs of insecticide poisoning include pain in the heart, kidney failure, leukopenia, polyradiculoneuropathy and anemia. The progression of the disease ends soon after stopping contact with these chemical components.

What to do and which doctor to contact

When the first symptoms appear, you should immediately contact a hepatologist or gastroenterologist who can establish an organ disorder and accurately answer the question: "how to treat the disease."

In order to begin the correct treatment of pathology, it is required, first, to correctly establish the type of disease, and then correctly assess the general condition of the body. Therapy is prescribed in accordance with the type of violation and its stage.

How are the symptoms manifested

From medical practice, we can say that the signs of liver disease in women do not differ from the signs that occur in men. Simply, according to statistics, representatives of the strong half of humanity suffer from diseases of this organ about 3 times more often than ladies.

For the most part, all liver diseases are cumulative. And their development is not expressed by any symptoms in the initial stages. Given the lifestyle of many people, as well as the level of environmental pollution, the absence of pronounced symptoms of such diseases once again confirms the need for regular preventive examinations.

The structure of the human liver is such that it is devoid of nerve endings. Therefore, there are no quick and direct symptoms in diseases of this organ. And the first sign of liver disease is the appearance of discomfort in the right hypochondrium. The feeling of discomfort arises due to the fact that the liver increases in size. Usually there is a pulling sensation, or a feeling of heaviness.

Types of liver pain

Pain in this organ can be divided into several types:

  • Sharp pain. Usually it is pronounced and appears in bouts. Such pain is called hepatic colic. It is caused by the movement of stones along the bile ducts.
  • It's a dull pain. Discomfort in the liver, pulling sensation. It occurs due to an increase in liver in size. It is usually caused by inflammatory processes. As a rule, such symptoms appear with a prolonged course of the disease.
  • Pain occurs as a result of eating a certain type of food. For example, oily or fried.

External manifestations of liver disease

The face and body of a person can reveal many different diseases. Liver diseases are no exception. Therefore, the appearance of specific signs on the skin can signal the occurrence of problems in this organ. In this case, the best solution would be to consult a doctor and, possibly, go through the examination prescribed by him.

Symptoms of liver disease on the face:

  • Brown spots and spider veins may appear on the skin.
  • A rash appears. A lot of acne occurs on the skin, and its moisture can change dramatically. It can become dry, or, conversely, very oily.
  • The whites of the eyes turn yellow. This is a serious symptom, the appearance of which it is necessary to seek medical help as soon as possible.

Signs of liver disease in women on the body:

  • The skin becomes yellowish.
  • The appearance of age spots throughout the body is characteristic.
  • Acne appears throughout the body.
  • The general condition of the skin is much worse.

Thus, the skin with liver diseases clearly signals the need for treatment. And if other symptoms do not appear immediately, then the changes that occur with the skin, it is hard not to notice.

Causes of liver cirrhosis

There are several main reasons for the occurrence of cirrhosis:

  • Alcohol abuse. This is the most common cause of this disease.
  • Toxic damage. A disease may result from long-term medication use.
  • Hepatitis. Patients with hepatitis B or C are at risk because a long course of this disease leads to the development of cirrhosis.
  • Heredity.
  • Cryptogenic cirrhosis. Medicine has not yet discovered the exact causes of its occurrence. However, this type of cirrhosis is much faster than normal, and can lead to very rapid destruction of the liver.

Signs of cirrhosis in women

Symptoms of this disease usually do not appear immediately. This is due to the fact that at the initial stage of the development of the disease, the affected areas are very few, and healthy cells are able to compensate for the sick with their work. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to external signs and the general condition of the body in order to notice the disease in time and prevent it from taking threatening forms.

Consider the signs of cirrhosis in women:

  • A feeling of constant weakness and fatigue. Feeling sleepy.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • Itchy skin appears. It usually intensifies at night.
  • Redness of the palms, soles of the feet can also blush.
  • The skin and whites of the eyes turn yellow.
  • The increase in size of the abdomen.
  • The appearance of spider veins on the face.
  • Redness of the face is possible.

Stages of Cirrhosis

Medicine distinguishes 3 stages of this disease. Each of them has its own characteristic symptoms. The duration of each stage is individual in nature and depends on the general condition of the body and on the patient’s lifestyle.

  1. Compensated cirrhosis. There are virtually no symptoms at this stage. The destruction of the liver tissue is at the initial stage, and they are minimal. Therefore, the liver is able to perform its function, compensating for diseased cells with healthy ones.
  2. Subcompensated cirrhosis. This stage is characterized by the appearance of the first signs of the disease. This is due to the expansion of the lesion area, as well as the depletion of liver resources.
  3. Decompensated cirrhosis. Extreme degree of destruction. Hepatic insufficiency appears, and there is also a high risk of complications.

Since cirrhosis refers to those diseases that cannot be completely cured, the main task of medicine is to stop its development.Therefore, the sooner it is possible to diagnose this disease, the better.

The main symptoms of liver disease

You can highlight the main signs of liver disease in women:

  • Pain in the area of ​​this organ. May occur after eating fatty, smoked, or fried foods. It is also provoked by physical exertion. At other times, pain symptoms are usually absent.
  • Feeling of nausea, bouts of vomiting and a bitter taste in the mouth.
  • The appearance of a yellowish color of the skin and eye proteins. May occur in some cardiovascular diseases. However, most often, such signs are associated with impaired liver function.
  • External manifestations. A rash with liver disease is a fairly common occurrence. This is caused by the fact that the liver is not able to effectively cleanse the body.

Most of the symptoms that occur in the initial stages of liver disease can be easily confused with manifestations of other diseases. In some cases, signs of the onset of destruction may be absent altogether. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to the deterioration of the state of the body and undergo a periodic examination.

Liver diseases are the main causes

Liver tissue exhibits high resistance to adverse external influences and has a high regenerative potential. This is the only human organ that can independently recover. There are cases when a person survived and continued to lead a habitual lifestyle with a loss of 70% of the volume of the liver. Nevertheless, under the influence of harmful factors, the potential of the liver decreases, which leads to the emergence of various pathologies. We list the main causes that trigger the mechanism of disease:

  1. Intoxication of the body. Liver damage is caused by the systematic intake of toxins and toxic substances. This is facilitated by long-term work in hazardous industries associated with salts of heavy metals, lead, mercury, acids and other chemical compounds. Sometimes, for simultaneous liver dysfunction, simultaneous exposure to harmful substances in high concentration is sufficient. With toxic effects, signs of damage develop gradually, but the disease progresses over time and ends with cell necrosis, which leads to the appearance of renal failure.
  2. Taking medication. Prolonged and unsystematic administration of drugs depletes liver cells, which are forced to neutralize the toxic substances contained in the preparations. The highest degree of hepatoxicity is possessed by antibiotics, antifungal medications, hormones, and drugs used in chemotherapy.
  3. Viral infections. Infection with hepatitis viruses of different types (A, C, B) causes acute or chronic inflammatory processes in the tissues of the liver and gradually destroy the organ, causing cirrhosis. The most dangerous is type B hepatitis, which rarely manifests itself with severe symptoms and quickly becomes chronic. No wonder doctors call him a "gentle killer." The most favorable prognosis is associated with hepatitis A (popularly called "jaundice"), which does not have a chronic stage and does not cause severe liver damage.
  4. Infectious and parasitic diseases. When infected with parasites (roundworms, echinococci, giardia), the liver suffers from toxins secreted by them in the process of life. If untreated, the symptoms of the lesion increase and chronic liver diseases develop. In infectious processes, liver abscesses occur, cystic formations form, liver failure and other pathologies develop.
  1. Alcohol abuse. The systematic and excessive consumption of alcohol leads to the destruction of liver tissue and alcoholic cirrhosis, which ends in death.
  2. Errors in nutrition. Passion for fatty, fried, spicy and spicy dishes, spices, smoked meats and other harmful products provokes a violation of the outflow of bile. As a result, congestion contributes to the formation of stones in the liver ducts.
  3. Poor heredity, malformations are the basis of pathologies of the hepatic ducts and blood vessels. Anomalies in the structure of the organ become the cause of hepatic hypoplasia, fermentopathy and other abnormalities.
  4. Injuries to the abdomen and internal organs. In such situations, liver problems can occur not only in the first days after the traumatic factor. Even after a few years, the consequences of the injury can remind oneself of the formation of a cyst or tumor in the liver parenchyma.
  5. Exposure to radiation or ionizing radiation. Such an effect can cause cancerous degeneration of liver cells.
  6. There are many factors affecting the condition of the liver, but most of them are associated with the lifestyle that a person leads. And this means that by eliminating the harmful effects, a person can protect himself from many serious illnesses.

The most common diseases

At work, the liver necessarily reflects the state of the biliary tract and gall bladder, with which this organ interacts. Therefore, in medicine, it is customary to subdivide liver pathologies into primary and secondary.

The primary lesions of the liver include acute diseases that occur in the tissues, blood vessels of the liver and biliary tract:

  • hepatitis (viral, bacterial, toxic, ischemic),
  • liver infarction
  • hepatic vein thrombosis,
  • cirrhosis of the liver,
  • pylephlebitis,
  • pilothrombosis,
  • diseases of the liver and gall bladder (cholangitis, cholangiohepatitis).

Secondary liver diseases include the following conditions:

  • tumor processes (benign and malignant),
  • concomitant diseases of the endocrine, nervous or vascular system, provoking changes in the liver,
  • fatty hepatosis, glycogenosis, hemochromatosis,
  • associated pathologies of the gallbladder and biliary tract (dyskinesia, cholecystitis, gallstone disease),
  • parasitic infections (ascariasis, echinococcosis, giardiasis, trichinosis, opisthorchiasis).

This classification of liver diseases is not final, in science there are other opinions in the approach to this issue. In addition, the classification of diseases with the development of the capabilities of medicine is constantly being modified and revised.

Symptoms of liver disease

Liver diseases may not be self-evident for a long time, since this is one of the most “silent” organs in which there are no nerve endings responsible for the occurrence of pain. Severe pain usually appears already with severe liver damage, when it increases in size and begins to put pressure on the fibrous membrane (glisson capsule), in which the pain points are concentrated. The characteristic signs of liver disease are manifested in the following:

  • general malaise, weakness,
  • a feeling of heaviness in the right hypochondrium,
  • yellowness of the skin and sclera,
  • discoloration of urine
  • stool disorders, changes in the consistency and color of feces,
  • swelling
  • excessive sweating
  • fragility of blood vessels, the appearance of hematomas,
  • bleeding tendency
  • bitterness in the mouth in the morning, bad breath, plaque on the tongue,
  • an increase in the volume of the abdomen, the appearance of a venous pattern on it,
  • skin rashes, itching, burning sensation,
  • dramatic weight loss
  • headaches, memory problems, decreased mental ability,
  • disorders of the nervous and hormonal systems,
  • enlargement of the liver.

Most of the above symptoms occur already in the late stages of the disease, when the disease becomes chronic. A characteristic sign indicating liver damage can be numbness in the muscles, a feeling of cold in the fingers and toes, a change in the shape of the nails, the appearance of red symmetrical spots on the palms. Jaundice most often develops against a background of acute viral or toxic hepatitis. With cirrhosis, a characteristic icteric color of the skin, sclera and mucous membranes occurs already in the late stages.

With liver damage, patients often complain of a burning sensation, skin itching or hot flashes, accompanied by profuse sweat. Such sensations usually occur at night and prevent the patient from falling asleep. Severe pain in the right hypochondrium usually occurs with concomitant lesions of the gallbladder and bile ducts or occur in advanced stages of hepatitis and cirrhosis.

The course of hepatitis or cirrhosis may be accompanied by a slight increase in body temperature. If it rises significantly (more than 39 ° C) - this may indicate the development of a purulent process in the bile ducts and gall bladder.

On the part of the central nervous system, disorders such as fatigue, drowsiness, weakness, apathy, decreased memory and concentration, and sleep disturbance occur. The fact is that nerve cells are very sensitive to a decrease in the neutralizing function of the liver. Toxins and metabolic products are not completely eliminated and negatively affect the state of the nervous system, provoking symptoms of neurasthenia, lethargy, or irritability and resentment. Patients complain of headaches, dizziness, insomnia, and genital disorders.

Skin for liver disease

With liver damage, characteristic changes occur on the skin. It loses elasticity, becomes pale, dry and flaky. There are pronounced edema in the face and limbs, a tendency to allergic manifestations (dermatitis, eczema). There are various kinds of rashes on the skin in the form of pustular elements, allergic or hemorrhagic rashes (hepatic purpura).

Liver diseases in women are accompanied by the appearance of characteristic vascular asterisks on the skin and striae (stretch marks in the form of thin bluish stripes in the abdomen). Even with a slight effect on the skin, hematomas (bruises) can appear that do not go away for a long time. The reason for such changes is the hormonal imbalance in the female body, in which a diseased liver cannot completely neutralize steroid hormones.

Another characteristic feature is yellowness of the skin, mucous membranes and sclera of the eyes. In addition, you should pay attention to the characteristic spots in liver diseases:

  • the appearance of brownish spots and deep wrinkles on the forehead between the eyebrows,
  • darkening of the skin in the armpit area,
  • dark circles and swelling under the eyes,
  • brown spots on the skin in the area of ​​the right shoulder and shoulder blade,
  • the appearance of a rash with black heads on the forearms and the back of the hand,
  • bright red symmetrical spots on the palms of the hands (hepatic palms).

These signs indicate a chronic course of liver disease. In addition, in women, there may be a decrease in hair growth under the armpits and in the pubic area or vice versa, excessive hair growth, atrophy of the mammary glands, menstrual irregularities. And in men - a thinning of the hairline on the head, up to complete baldness, a libido disorder.

Itchy skin with liver disease is a characteristic symptom. The cause of this condition is a violation of the detoxification function of the liver. As a result, harmful substances accumulate in the body, toxins enter the bloodstream and penetrate the skin with it, causing irritation of nerve endings and excruciating itching.

Diagnostics

In case of problems with the liver, it is necessary to undergo a full examination in order to clarify the diagnosis and begin treatment. To do this, you need to contact a therapist, hepatologist or gastroenterologist. Diagnostic studies for liver diseases are based on laboratory, invasive and non-invasive methods.

The laboratory will do blood and urine tests (general and biochemical), conduct studies to detect hepatitis or cancer cells, and if necessary, make genetic and immunological tests.

The use of computer technology is a modern, painless (non-invasive) research method. The patient will be referred for ultrasound of the abdominal organs, in doubtful cases they will have an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) or CT scan (computed tomography), which will provide complete information about the condition, size of the organ, the structure of its tissues and the degree of damage.

In complex cases, invasive methods are used - biopsy, laparoscopy or percutaneous puncture, which help to make an accurate diagnosis.

Treatment methods

The complex of therapeutic measures for liver diseases consists in the use of drugs, dieting, lifestyle adjustment. Drug therapy is based on the use of drugs of the following groups:

  1. Herbal preparations. To restore liver function, drugs based on milk thistle are widely used. Such drugs as Gepabene, Karsil, Silymarin, Silymar contain an extract from this plant and are used in the treatment of hepatitis, cirrhosis, cholecystitis or toxic liver damage. LIV-52 preparations (based on yarrow and chicory), Hofitol (based on artichoke) belong to the same group. From the group of dietary supplements, the drug Ovesol is especially popular.
  2. Essential phospholipids. Representatives of this group (Essential, Essential Forte, Essliver, Phosphogliv) help normalize metabolic processes in liver cells and accelerate its regeneration and recovery.
  3. Medicines of animal origin. Representatives of this group are made on the basis of cattle liver hydrolysates, have protective properties and provide detoxification and cleansing of the liver. Popular drugs are Hepatosan and Sirepar.
  4. Medicines with amino acids. These are medicines such as Heptral and Heptor. They exhibit a powerful antioxidant and antitoxic effect, protect the liver and accelerate its recovery.

In addition to conservative therapy, therapeutic gymnastics is used, which consists of a set of specially designed exercises. With hepatic pathologies, they have a beneficial effect on metabolic processes, eliminate biliary tract spasms, strengthen the abdominal muscles and improve the functioning of the nervous, digestive and cardiovascular systems. Perform these exercises better under the guidance of an experienced instructor.

A good effect is given by the application of traditional medicine methods, based on taking decoctions and tinctures of medicinal herbs. But before starting treatment, be sure to consult a doctor, this will help to avoid unwanted complications. For the treatment of the liver, milk thistle meal, decoctions from the roots of dandelion and artichoke are used, plants with choleretic and diuretic properties are used (dogrose, strawberry leaves, St. John's wort, corn stigmas, etc.). The Leviron Duo natural preparation has proven itself perfectly.

But of particular importance in the treatment of hepatic pathologies is given to dieting. What should be the nutrition for liver diseases, what can and cannot be included in the daily menu? Recommendations on this topic can be obtained from your doctor and nutritionist.

Diet for liver disease

With liver damage, diet is a vital necessity. A properly selected diet will normalize the processes of bile secretion and digestion, reduce the load on the diseased organ and restore its function. Proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and microelements should be the basis of a therapeutic diet; fat intake should be reduced to a minimum. For liver diseases, the following products are allowed:

  • dairy, vegetable, mucous cereal soups,
  • dairy products (non-fat),
  • lean meat (poultry, rabbit meat, veal),
  • seafood and fish (low-fat varieties),
  • pasta, cereals (buckwheat, barley, oatmeal),
  • protein steam omelettes,
  • fresh vegetable salads with vegetable oil,
  • greens, fresh fruits, vegetables.

It is undesirable to eat fresh bread, it is better to dry it, make crackers and eat no more than 2-3 slices a day with the first dish. Another important requirement relates to the method of preparation of products. Fried foods should be completely excluded from the diet; foods are recommended to be steamed, boiled or baked. In addition, you need to monitor compliance with the water regime and drink at least 1.5 liters of fluid per day. Useful are green and herbal teas, compotes, fruit drinks, mineral waters (recommended by a doctor).

What is forbidden?

For liver diseases, the ban applies to the following products:

  • pastries, buns, pastries, fresh white bread,
  • rich broths, fatty meat and fish,
  • sweets, sweets, chocolate,
  • convenience foods, canned food,
  • smoked meats, sausages,
  • alcohol,
  • sweet carbonated drinks
  • strong black coffee and tea,
  • fatty sauces, animal fats,
  • spices and seasonings,
  • bean
  • cereals from pearl barley, corn, barley and millet,
  • radish, radish, garlic, turnip, white cabbage, sorrel, onion, spinach,
  • grape, tomato, orange juice.

Vegetables with coarse fiber, some berries and fruits (citrus fruits, currants, cranberries, raspberries, grapes) should be excluded from the menu, completely abandon any, even low-alcohol drinks. Such a diet should become a way of life, it must be observed constantly, then in combination with drug treatment, it will help to restore liver function.

Liver disease prevention

Such measures as proper and proper nutrition, refusal from bad habits, compliance with the regime of work and rest, an increase in physical activity, and sports will help prevent liver diseases. Try to use only fresh and healthy foods, completely eliminate alcohol from your life, refuse the uncontrolled use of medications.

To prevent infection with hepatitis viruses, you should exclude unprotected sex and have only one reliable and healthy partner. When working in hazardous industries, it is imperative to observe safety precautions when working with toxic substances and use personal protective equipment.

Remember that liver disease is a serious health threat. Therefore, you need to seek medical help in a timely manner, when the first alarming signs appear, indicating a violation of the liver.

Liver diseases are acute or chronic. The defeat of this important organ is equally dangerous for both men and women. However, the female gender is characterized by individual characteristics of the causes and symptoms of the disease.

Symptoms of liver disease in women can be detected unexpectedly at the reception of a gynecologist, cosmetologist, narcologist, therapist. Identify and treat the disease in a timely manner as soon as possible. Severe consequences in the form of cirrhosis with liver failure and cancer are not the only problems that violate the woman’s health and life plans.

The term "hepatopathy" is used to denote various unclear symptoms, presumably associated with liver damage, for the diagnosis it is not suitable.

Where is the pain felt?

In order to recognize the first symptoms in time, it is necessary to have at least a rough idea of ​​the location of the liver. Like other vital organs, it is located in the abdominal cavity, namely in its upper right corner, under the muscular septum of the diaphragm. In shape, it represents a blunt triangle with rounded corners, consisting of two lobes. The first lobe is attached to the anterior abdominal wall in the region of the right hypochondrium, the second lobe narrows to the left costal arch. Painful symptoms occur in liver disease on the right in the upper abdomen.

Sometimes the signs of a sick liver, with the severity of symptoms, can be confused with pain in the gallbladder or stomach, as discomfort can tend to radiate (spread) to nearby areas. In order to unambiguously determine the localization of the pathology, it is necessary to contact a therapist or hepatologist, who, by collecting an anamnesis and using a palpation method, will determine exactly which organ hurts.

Any pathology begins with mild, dull or aching pain in the right hypochondrium. With the development of tumor formations, a feeling of heaviness is possible. Pain actively radiates to different areas of the abdomen. The development of pathology is characterized by an increase in the pain symptom. Acute pain in this case indicates purulent or inflammatory processes. They are also accompanied by temperature.

Sluggish problems may not manifest themselves until the onset of liver failure or coma. This is the most dangerous type of pathology, since not all patients respond to other external signs of the disease. It is important to pay attention to the condition of the skin, the color of the feces, general health, as this will help with the early diagnosis of the disease.

Other unpleasant sensations accompanying liver disease

An unhealthy liver does not end with pain alone. Disruption of such an important organ is accompanied by digestive disorders, heartburn and a feeling of nausea. Patients are often tormented by an enduring feeling of hunger, chills at night (which subsequently easily gives way to fever).

The first signs of liver disease, which may indirectly indicate the presence of malfunctions in the body:

  1. Visual impairment (in particular, color perception, in patients the recognition of white and yellow is reduced).
  2. Constant thirst that does not go away even after taking a sufficient amount of fluid.
  3. Itching Particularly affected are areas of the body with thin sensitive skin.
  4. General weakness, asthenia, constant feeling of tiredness.
  5. Gall bitterness is felt in the mouth.
  6. Decrease in cognitive (cognitive) abilities, mental activity.
  7. Fever. This symptom may be more or less pronounced depending on the type of disease. For example, if you have an opisthorchiasis that caused a hepatic trematode (parasitic organism), then the temperature will rise to 38 degrees.

The sharper the pathology, the stronger the internal symptoms. With their long development, a hepatic coma may occur, characterized by an almost complete failure of the liver, impaired blood supply, respiratory functions and leading to death without proper medical intervention.

External manifestations of pathology

Not only subjective sensations will help identify the disease. External signs may also indicate pathology. Thus, a decrease in the detoxification function of the liver leads to a change in the color of feces, the smell of sweat becomes sharper, and urine acquires an unhealthy brown hue.

Other signs and indicators of poor liver function:

  1. Skin rash. Often it is accompanied by itching.
  2. The skin and sclera of the eyes become an unpleasant yellowish tint.

So the stomach looks like with ascites

A loose stool, feces changes in color to light yellow or green.

  • Veins shine through the skin of the abdomen and pubis, spider veins form.
  • The abdomen itself expanded and rounded (ascites) - signs of abdominal dropsy.
  • Blood vessels regularly burst, bruises appear, at an advanced stage - heavy bleeding develops.
  • Edema of the whole body due to overhydration (excess water). Legs suffer the most.
  • The patient looks extremely painful. The tongue is covered with cracks and white coating, a person loses weight and suffers from headaches. Of particular danger are frequent bleeding - one of the reasons for a possible fatal outcome. Intestinal dysfunction also occurs, in the area of ​​the cardiovascular system - tachycardia.

    Symptoms of individual diseases

    Not all liver pathologies are characterized by the above symptoms. Their intensity and degree of manifestation directly depends on the type of disease. Therefore, it is important to know about the most common diseases and their characteristic symptoms.

    Spider veins on the skin

    For example, cirrhosis of the liver is characterized by the following symptoms:

    • proliferation of connective tissue replacing the parenchymal,
    • increased pressure in the portal vein system,
    • violation of the function of liver regeneration,
    • sharp pains in the right hypochondrium,
    • flatulence,
    • weight loss
    • temperature from 37.1 to 38 degrees,
    • splenomegaly - an increase in the size of the spleen.

    The formation of vascular asterisks (the same ones that are usually observed with varicose veins) on the pubis, a change in the color of the nails. Disruption of the hormonal background in men leads to gynecomastia. The body is prone to edema and venous collateral (which is why bleeding often occurs).

    Another common disease is liver cancer, which is manifested by a gradual increase in symptoms. Among oncologies, it is in seventh place in terms of prevalence. It can be detected by increasing anorexia and a feeling of heaviness under the right hypochondrium (the tumor begins to aggravate the organ). Dull pain, bleeding due to varicose veins of the abdominal region torment.

    Signs of the presence of parasites

    If you have eaten a product infected with parasite eggs, the symptoms will not manifest immediately. The incubation stage of infection can last for years, although more often problems come to light in a few weeks.

    Characteristic symptoms of parasitic liver cysts:

    • pressure inside the body
    • heaviness under the ribs and in the sternum,
    • urticaria on the skin (urticaria rashes),
    • unstable chair
    • nausea and vomiting,
    • heat.

    Among the diseases that are caused by parasites (hepatic trematode) are clonorchiasis, opistrochiasis, fascioliasis. Clonorchiasis is characterized by fever, rash, and respiratory failure. Opisthorchiasis - high fever, pain in muscle tissue, enlargement of the lymph nodes and diarrhea, patients are characterized by emotional instability and heart palpitations. Fascioliasis is a disease characterized by cough, rash, and enlarged liver. The normal course of metabolic processes is disrupted.

    Organ functions and causes of pathologies

    The liver has many functions. She is involved in the synthesis of hemoglobin, the production of certain hormones. It serves as a filter, cleansing the body of toxins and protein decay products. Interacting with the gallbladder, accompanies the digestive and excretory processes.

    There are reasons why women experience pain in the liver.

    Adverse effects on this organ are:

    External factors

    Constant contact with toxic substances leads to the development of tissue inflammation. They mutate, necrotic, causing severe pathological conditions, such as hepatitis or cirrhosis.

    Toxic effects occur in the following cases:

    • Regular alcohol abuse. Alcohol intoxication is the most dangerous for the female body. Liver cells of a woman are less resistant to alcohol than men. Irreversible changes in the liver tissue begin much earlier, proceeding in a chronic, most life-threatening form.
    • Drug damage to tissues. Women are often prone to self-medication, which cannot but affect the state of the organ.
    • Contact with toxins when working in hazardous industries. Contaminants accumulate in the liver, causing various injuries.
    • Allergic effect.

    Excessive physical exertion and an inclined body position can be accompanied by pain in the liver. These factors cause overfilling of the organ with blood, which leads to its increase and stretching of the fibrous membrane.

    The prevalence of fatty spicy foods in the diet, fast food, or periodic fasting, quickly lead to digestive problems and pathological changes in the liver. When eating junk food, the gall bladder and pancreas additionally suffer.

    IMPORTANT! Pain in injuries of the liver, as well as adjacent tissues and organs, may have a delayed manifestation.

    Symptomatic manifestations

    What are the additional symptoms of liver tissue disease? These include:

    • Bitterness in the mouth, especially strong in the morning.
    • Nausea, heartburn.
    • Vomiting contaminated by the presence of bile masses.
    • Change in color of urine and stool (dark urine and atypical, light beige stool).
    • Frequent urge to defecate.
    • Liver enlargement.
    • Varicose mesh on the right side of the abdomen.

    Pain syndrome

    Pain in liver pathologies occurs as a result of its increase. With various lesions of the organ, it has a different character. The pain can be aching, spasmodic, acute or mild. The pain in the right side of the body, localized in the right hypochondrium, may accompany pain.

    Hepatitis, fibrosis and cirrhosis are accompanied by the degeneration of healthy liver tissue into fatty connective tissue. Growing, fat replacement tissue stretches the organ, and with it the fibrous protective membrane. In the membrane and blood vessels of the liver there are many nerve endings that respond to stretching with dull aching pain.

    IMPORTANT! In the moderate severity of the disease, the pain in the woman’s right side is rather mild. It intensifies as the pathology progresses.

    The most severe manifestation of pain occurs in diseases of the gallbladder and bile ducts. This is hepatic colic, which accompanies the obstructed outflow of bile. Stones or tumor processes can cause an excess of the gallbladder and interrupt the circulation of bile.

    Such pathologies are accompanied by severe spasmodic pain in the right hypochondrium. For hepatic colic, continuity of pain is characteristic. They pass only when the source of the pathology returns to normal.

    At an early stage of liver pathology in adult women, they can be detected by chance, undergoing a regular physical examination, or when contacting a doctor with another problem. If a liver disease is detected in time, and treatment is prescribed according to the course of the disease, a positive effect is achieved very often.

    A hepatologist is involved in the treatment of diseases. Liver diseases in women are often accompanied by hormonal disorders, so they also need the advice of an endocrinologist-gynecologist.

    To establish the type of pathology, a comprehensive diagnosis is carried out. Treatment is selected depending on the nature of the disease and its severity. During pregnancy and lactation, therapy of hepatic pathologies is carried out taking into account the possible risk to the child.

    Unfortunately, the obvious symptoms that women see a doctor with are only with the chronic course of the disease. Some diseases, such as chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis, cannot be completely cured. In such cases, complex therapeutic and supportive therapy is prescribed.

    TIP! To protect the liver from the effects of negative factors, there are special drugs - hepatoprotectors.

    Symptomatology

    In women, the symptoms of a sick liver can manifest themselves not too intensely, because of which the diagnosis of ailments is delayed. It is also worth noting that often in this category of patients a clinical picture appears, which is completely uncharacteristic for hepatic pathologies. In this situation, women turn to other specialists, and already during the examination, the true cause of the malaise is revealed.

    In women, there may be signs of liver disease:

    1. In the right hypochondrium, heaviness is felt.
    2. The skin loses its elasticity, begins to dry out, as a result of which it peels off, becomes yellowness.
    3. An unexplained weakness appears.
    4. Drowsiness increases.
    5. There is a loss of appetite.
    6. Defecation processes are disrupted.
    7. Bruises appear on the body.
    8. There is a rapid appearance of wrinkles, rashes, pustules, age spots, spider veins and reddish spots on the face.
    9. Hair loss intensifies, nail plates become brittle.
    10. A malfunction of the monthly cycle occurs, or prolonged menstrual bleeding begins.
    11. The ability to conceive is lost.
    12. In the morning there is swelling.

    With serious liver diseases in women, characteristic symptoms appear:

    1. Intoxication occurred, the process of generating bile was disrupted - nausea appears, bitterness is felt in the oral cavity.
    2. Pilephlebitis, an abscess developed - painful sensations arise, the temperature rises, chills begin.
    3. Cholecystitis has developed - paroxysmal pains appear.
    4. Progressive pilephlebitis, cirrhosis, hepatitis - there are constant painful sensations of a blunt plan in the epigastric zone or in the right hypochondrium.
    5. When bilirubin enters the bloodstream, the patient's feces begin to lighten and urine darken.
    6. A toxic effect is exerted on brain cells - drowsiness increases, the patient becomes apathetic, and appetite decreases.

    With the development of hepatic pathologies in the patient, the eye sclera and skin integuments begin to acquire a yellowish tint. If the ailment proceeds in a chronic form, then the clinical picture will manifest itself gradually.

    When palpating the area of ​​the right hypochondrium, specialists can detect an increase in the size of the organ, as well as a change in its structure and contours. If the patient has cirrhosis, then her abdomen will be enlarged, and in the umbilical region, expansion of the veins is observed.

    In some patients, a divergence of muscle tissue localized in the white line may occur, which causes an umbilical hernia. Pathological changes in the liver adversely affect the whole body, especially the central nervous system. Women become psycho-emotionally unstable, they have reduced mental abilities, lost the ability to remember information. There is apathy for everything that happens.

    Diagnostic measures

    If a woman began to show signs of a sick liver, then she should not be left without due attention. Without fail, you should contact the hospital and undergo a comprehensive examination. After identifying the causes of the development of pathology, as well as determining the degree of damage to the organ, the specialist will develop an effective drug therapy regimen for the patient. In severe illness, surgical treatment or transplantation will be indicated.

    In the process of carrying out diagnostic measures, patients will have to:

    • pass biological material for basic and specific tests: blood, feces, urine,
    • undergo ultrasound examination of the adrenal glands, thyroid gland, liver, bladder, reproductive organs,
    • pass special tests that detect markers of various viruses,
    • CT or MRI is prescribed,
    • a puncture or biopsy is performed, in which liver tissue is taken,
    • if necessary, laparoscopy is performed.

    Surgical therapy

    If the patient has developed such a dangerous pathology as cirrhosis, then during symptomatic therapy hemostatic medicines may be required. In severe cases, the patient will undergo surgical treatment of the disease, during which a cyst, abscess or other lesion will be removed, or an organ transplant will be performed. In the case when surgery is performed associated with the removal of an echinococcal cyst, specialists must follow all safety precautions. If pathogenic microflora penetrates into the general bloodstream, then the patient will experience sepsis.

    Folk recipes

    If the patient has a hepatic pathology, proceeding in a chronic form, then she can use some alternative recipes during the course of drug therapy. It should be noted that the "grandfather" methods are prohibited during exacerbations.

    In order to treat and prevent relapse, patients can use the following recipes:

    1. Tinctures and decoctions of artichoke and dandelion rhizomes.
    2. Rosehip broth.
    3. Infusion of strawberry leaves.
    4. Decoction of stigmas of corn.
    5. Milk thistle cake, which must either be brewed in a thermos, or eaten according to a certain pattern.

    Preventive actions

    Every woman should pay close attention to her health, especially when it comes to such an important organ as the liver.

    It is possible to prevent the development of pathological processes in this organ due to timely prevention of:

    1. First of all, you should abandon all harmful addictions. Today, many representatives of the beautiful half of humanity smoke and systematically consume alcohol-containing drinks. The toxic substances present in cigarettes and alcohol systematically have a detrimental effect on the liver.
    2. It is imperative for a female audience to switch to a healthy diet. They are advised to completely review their diet and exclude all food harmful to the liver from it. For example, the menu should not contain smoked meats, fatty, spicy and fried foods. If the patient can not restrain herself, then she should eat such food extremely rarely and in minimal quantities.
    3. Drink plenty of clean water daily. The daily fluid rate should not be less than one and a half liters.
    4. Moderate physical activity will help maintain the body in good shape.
    5. Every day you need to walk in the fresh air and take walks.
    6. Several times a year, experts recommend vitaminization.
    7. It is necessary to strengthen immunity, to temper.
    8. Women must treat all chronic, viral, and infectious diseases in a timely manner.
    9. Experts recommend several times a year to prevent helminthic infestations, especially for those who have pets at home or who work with animals, raw meat or fish.

    What can be confused with the disease?

    Mild diseases can often be confused with other, similar diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Bitterness in the mouth can manifest gastritis, and a change in the color of urine may well accompany kidney disease. Therefore, it should be remembered that only a hepatologist or a therapist can make an accurate diagnosis. An accurate diagnosis is usually made by compiling a liver profile by blood tests or an ultrasound scan.

    What diseases at an early stage resemble liver pathologies?

    1. Gastritis or ulcer.
    2. Intestinal colitis, irritable bowel syndrome.
    3. Gallbladder disease.
    4. Pathology of the pancreas.
    5. Renal failure and others.

    Pronounced hepatic symptoms occur already at an advanced stage of the course of the disease. At the first signs, you should consult a doctor and differentiate the diagnosis, without waiting for the development of venous bleeding or acute colic.

    Watch the video: What causes liver disease and how is it diagnosed? (February 2020).