Diseases

Belching heartburn flatulence

August 21, 2015

Heartburn, belching, bloating - symptoms that indicate a malfunction in the digestive system of the body. What are the causes of these unpleasant processes, and how to get rid of them?

Heartburn is a burning sensation or discomfort in the upper esophagus. Heartburn occurs when acid from the stomach enters the esophagus. Sometimes the cause may be excessively spicy or fatty foods, the abundance of which causes a large amount of gastric juice to escape into the esophagus. But the regular occurrence of heartburn indicates problems in the work of the digestive system.

Belching - exit through the oral cavity gases accumulating in the stomach or esophagus. Occurs due to an increase in intragastric pressure - the muscles of the stomach contract, the sphincter (the valve between the esophagus and the stomach) relaxes, the valve between the duodenum and the stomach contracts. In healthy people it can occur due to excessive swallowing of air, after consuming carbonated drinks, but sometimes accompanies various diseases of the esophagus and / or stomach.

Abdominal bloating is one of the symptoms of various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, sometimes occurs after a heavy meal or consumption of certain foods. In medicine, this process is called flatulence, it is caused by the accumulation of gases in the intestine. It appears as a feeling of distention in the stomach, its increase in volume, rumbling, may be accompanied by the release of gas (flatulence).

If the listed symptoms accompany you constantly, you should contact a competent gastroenterologist. You will be prescribed the necessary tests and studies, the results of which will diagnose and prescribe treatment. Having cured from the main disease, you will get rid of unpleasant symptoms.

Factors that can trigger the disease

Flatulence can be caused by the consumption of foods that contain large amounts of fiber and carbohydrates: beans, black bread, cabbage, milk, grapes, kvass, beer, carbonated drinks, as well as antibiotics. In addition, infants often suffer from flatulence, women during pregnancy (accompanied by constipation) and on premenstrual days. Frequent constipation or diarrhea (diarrhea) that occurs for various reasons can cause pain and bloating.

Carbonated drinks, onions, milk and milk drinks, ice cream can contribute to belching. Belching is observed in young children due to an inconclusive nervous system. Burping can also occur during pregnancy.

The cause of heartburn in healthy people may be the consumption of certain foods (chocolate, coffee, strong tea, peppermint, fatty, spicy, sour foods, alcohol), overeating, night-time eating, overweight, smoking, being in a horizontal state after eating, pregnancy .

Diseases that can cause heartburn, bloating, belching

Heartburn may be a symptom of the following pathologies:

gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, hernia of the food opening of the diaphragm, chronic gastritis, inflammation of the duodenum (duodenitis), inflammation of the esophagus, cholecystitis - inflammation of the gall bladder, obesity, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GER); organs of the digestive tract.

Diseases that can cause flatulence:

intestinal dysmotility, chronic pancreatitis, irritable bowel syndrome, dysbiosis, lactose intolerance, intestinal obstruction, tumors, polyps, complications after operations on the gastrointestinal organs, gastritis of various types, gallstones, enteritis, colitis, liver cirrhosis, intestinal parasites, intestinal atony due to peritonitis.

Burping may have different characteristics: there is a burping odorless and unpleasant sensations, it is called "burping air". But it happens that it is accompanied by the release of a small amount of food and an unpleasant taste - bitter, sour, putrid. Various types of belching are symptoms of various diseases. For example, a sour belching (resulting from an increase in acidity in the stomach) can cause a stomach ulcer, gastritis, and gastroesophageal reflux.

Bitter occurs due to bile from the duodenum in the stomach, it happens with gastroduodenal reflux, injuries, complications after surgery, taking certain drugs, chronic duodenitis, hernias, tumors.

Putrid eructation, which occurs during stagnation and putrefaction of food in the stomach, causes: diabetes, chronic atrophic gastritis, ulcers, stomach cancer.

Belching air occurs due to diseases of the duodenum, aerofagii (excessive involuntary swallowing of air during a meal), stomach neurosis, diseases of the gallbladder, liver, cardiovascular system, oral and nasal cavities.

What is dangerous to ignore the symptoms

Thus, heartburn, belching and bloating both individually and, manifesting simultaneously, can be the consequences of various diseases, and ignoring these symptoms (with their frequent manifestation and occurrence not only after eating certain foods or drugs) can lead to serious consequences. for the body. For example, belching can be caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which, if left untreated, can lead to such diseases as: esophagitis, peptic ulcer of the esophagus, Barrett syndrome, cancer of the esophagus.

If you turned to a gastroenterologist with complaints of belching, heartburn, abdominal distension, to determine the causes of these symptoms, the doctor may use the following methods of diagnosis:

External examination of the abdomen and body. Palpation of the abdomen and lymph nodes. Percussion of the abdominal wall. Rectal examination, methods of rectal examination: palpation, endoscopy. X-ray of the abdominal organs. Gastroscopy. Gastroduodenoscopy. Ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity. CT scan (computed tomography) of the abdominal cavity. Esophagoscopy with biopsy. 24-hour monitoring of intra-esophageal acidity. Blood tests, feces, urine, BAK-seeding.

Based on the results of research, a diagnosis is made and the necessary treatment is prescribed. With proper therapy, the symptoms that worried you will go along with the disease that caused them.

Symptom management methods

To carry out any traditional or unconventional treatment can only consult with your doctor, otherwise you can harm your own body.

The most important condition for getting rid of the above symptoms is to control nutrition, it is necessary to limit consumption or to abandon foods that provoke heartburn, belching or flatulence, not to fill up for the night, not to pass, to eat often, but little by little.

Also important is getting rid of bad habits (alcohol, smoking) and an active lifestyle.

Acute bouts of heartburn can be stopped in the following ways:

Take 1 tbsp. olive or sunflower oil. Chew a few peas, almonds, grains of oats, barley. Eat a sprig of sorrel, dill seeds, cabbage leaf. Drink a glass of warm mineral water can be and not take a horizontal position. Drink a glass of potato juice (if there is no reaction to starch). Drink 0.5 tsp. aloe juice, diluted in 0.5 st. water. Snack warm, low-fat, unsharp food, such as soup, soup, mashed potatoes, porridge. Take antacid - a drug to eliminate heartburn.

When burping, it is recommended to drink freshly squeezed vegetable juices, eat fresh carrots or an apple, and drink goat's milk after meals.

With flatulence, you can take activated charcoal (1g / day), drink mint tea or chamomile infusions, add ginger, dill, parsley to food - these herbs reduce gas formation.

But all of the above are emergency measures. In the event that such symptoms bother you regularly, consult a doctor.

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Heartburn or bloating are signs of minor gastrointestinal upset. May be caused by consuming large amounts of soda, fatty or spicy foods. What does it indicate if flatulence and heartburn occur simultaneously? And how can you quickly deal with it?

What arises from?

Heartburn and bloating is a clear sign of the suppression of normal intestinal microflora. At the same time, the concentration of harmful bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract sharply increases, which produce gas during digestion of food debris (it is they who feed on them). From this increases the concentration of carbon dioxide in the intestine, and with it - some of the gas gets into the stomach, duodenum. All this in total causes meteorism, heartburn, frequent belching (with a very unpleasant "acetone" smell). And then there is discomfort in the abdomen, diarrhea, maybe even nausea make itself felt.

What is dangerous gas formation? The ingestion of a large number of toxins that are produced by harmful bacteria, and even prolonged diarrhea, since the food simply will not normally be digested due to the absence of lactobacilli. This reduces the effectiveness of the immune system, the skin becomes unhealthy shade.

And frequent and prolonged heartburn can cause the appearance of ulcers in the stomach, duodenum.

What can provoke the suppression of positive microflora? There are a lot of factors, but the most common among them are:

smoking, alcohol abuse, eating and eating habits, multiple stresses, depression, not using high-quality products (with preservatives, palm oil), long-term antibiotics and some other drugs, flu (with intestinal lesions), too aggressive diets.

Symptoms and diagnosis

Traditional symptoms of GI disorders:

diarrhea, stomach discomfort, heaviness, increased flatulence and, as a result, flatulence, bloating, sharp or dull stomach pain, frequent urge to defecate, nausea, heartburn, which only temporarily disappears when drinking soda.

But the diagnosis itself of disorders can include both gastroscopy (if an ulcer is suspected) or surrender

urine. Not be superfluous and a general blood test for sugar content.

What diseases may indicate?

Prolonged or frequent flatulence in combination with heartburn can be a sign of the following diseases:

ulcerative processes in the gastrointestinal tract, food cavity hernia (with diaphragm pushing), gastritis, esophageal inflammation, cholecystitis, obesity, enteritis, intestinal motility disturbance, gallstones, liver cirrhosis, intestinal obstruction, the presence of tumors in the gastrointestinal tract, lactose intolerance (no synthesis of necessary enzymes).

Many of the diagnoses can even be combined. Most of them (enteritis, cirrhosis, tumors, cholecystitis, inflammation, gastritis, intestinal obstruction) are obvious heirs to the frequent use of poor-quality food or a cardinally disturbed diet.

Lactose intolerance is a congenital defect of the endocrine system. Unfortunately, they can only be prevented by taking synthetic analogues of hormones to make up the difference in enzymes.

But hernias are signs of previously suffered ulcers or severe weight loss. That's just to prevent their appearance, the doctor gives a lot of instructions. If you ignore them, there will be such a result.

Flatulence and heartburn are precursors to the development of more serious diseases. This factor should be considered.

When to go to a doctor?

It is considered normal if the gastrointestinal disorder completely disappears within a few hours (up to 6). If during this period, gas or heartburn symptoms have not disappeared - should, at least, consult your doctor. First of all - at the therapist, and then, at his discretion, you may have to talk with a gastroenterologist.

Prolonged frustration can still occur against the background of some infectious disease, including flu, acute respiratory viral infections, tonsillitis. In the process of treatment, nausea, heartburn, heaviness in the abdomen, bloating, frequent belching are normal symptoms. This is a natural reaction of the body to a large concentration of toxins in the intestinal cavity, stomach or nasopharynx. With the help of diarrhea, the body simply gets rid of them, and belching and flatulence is the release of accumulated gases (which are produced by viruses and bacteria).

Ignoring prolonged frustration can lead to more serious illness.

Prolonged flatulence in combination with heartburn can cause ulcers and hernias. And cirrhosis of the liver in general is a frequent culprit of the appearance of cancer. Therefore, to ignore such problems is absolutely not recommended and is completely life threatening.

What to do?

For urgent elimination of heartburn and signs of flatulence, it is recommended to take the following drugs:

It is a concentrate of beneficial bacteria.

Contraindicated in ulcers and intolerance to lactobacilli.

Average price - 40 rubles ampoule,

Reduces the acidity of the stomach, stimulates the production of enzymes, thereby optimizing the work of the gastrointestinal tract. Especially useful when there is nausea, belching.

Contraindications - individual intolerance.

Cost - 120 rubles,

Absorbent, attracting toxins and preventing their subsequent penetration into the blood. Ideal for intoxication and bloating.

Contraindications - ulcers of the gastrointestinal tract in the acute stage.

Cost - 450 rubles (tube),

It is an antacid. Quickly removes signs of heartburn.

Contraindications - age up to 6 years and pregnancy.

Price - 150-200 rubles (in the form of chewable tablets),

Eliminates heartburn, optimizes gastrointestinal function. It is not a medicine in the direct sense of the word, but it quickly removes the painful symptoms.

Price - 220 rubles.

These are the drugs that eliminate nausea, heartburn, flatulence, bloating, belching. Treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is performed with narrow-spectrum drugs. But they should be prescribed by a doctor after a comprehensive examination of the patient.

Tips from traditional medicine

In folk medicine there are many ways to eliminate heartburn, flatulence, bloating. The most popular and at the same time effective are:

peppermint tea. You can use the pharmaceutical collection. Brew at the rate of 0.5 teaspoon of dry base per 250 milliliters of water, soda solution. 1 teaspoon to 1 liter of water. Drink in small sips. Eliminates increased acidity, decoction of potatoes. Salt is also added. Drink 50 milliliters 3 times a day to completely eliminate the painful symptoms, tincture of ginger. For the preparation, it is better to take a fresh base and pour strong alcohol for 6-9 hours. Take 1 teaspoon after a meal. Not only optimizes the gastrointestinal tract, but also dramatically reduces the concentration of pathogenic bacteria, an infusion of hot pepper. For preparation you will need 5 small peppers and 200 milliliters of alcohol. 200 milliliters of boiled water is added there (but already 4-6 hours after infusion). Accept in the morning and in the evening on 2 teaspoons.

Again - these are recipes for an emergency. Before using any of the tips should consult a doctor.

Diet and other tips

Optimization of the gastrointestinal tract contributes to the following products:

green and yellow vegetables, fruits (except bananas), cereals, apple juice, low-fat yogurt, green tea (without caffeine), low-fat cheese, bran (bran bread or crackers), poultry meat (turkey, chicken, duck).

This is something that definitely will not cause heartburn and even vice versa - will contribute to the restoration of positive microflora.

The following products are prohibited for heartburn and other disorders of the stomach, intestines:

beans, walnuts, chocolate, caffeine (coffee), citrus fruits, pepper (except Bulgarian), pork and beef, baking, mayonnaise gorchitsakchup.

But it should be understood that the final advice is given exclusively by a gastroenterologist or a nutritionist, so it is necessary to consult with them.

A standard diet in a healthy diet is:

in the morning - hot or cold cereals (oatmeal can be served), lunch - chicken meat with vegetables, fruit and cottage cheese, snack - lean yogurt with apple (or apple juice), bran crackers, dinner (until 6 o'clock in the evening) - turkey sandwich and green tea.

It is also recommended to arrange “fasting days” at least once a month and eat only apples and kefir (or yogurt). This is great contributes to the removal of toxins.

The video tells about heartburn, as well as bloating.

Prevention and lifestyle

Naturally, a healthy lifestyle has a positive effect on the work of the digestive system. Sports stimulate the production of enzymes and intestinal peristalsis, esophagus. Smoking - extremely negatively affects the gastrointestinal tract and can provoke both an ulcer and the formation of a tumor.

What does prevention of heartburn and flatulence, bloating, abdominal discomfort include? Refusal of bad habits, compliance with the recommended diet, as well as sufficient physical activity. Plus, you should use rehabilitation after each infectious disease. It consists, for example, in taking the same Bifidumbakterin for 1-2 weeks.

But the most important thing is not to ignore the discomfort and such symptoms as nausea, belching, diarrhea, heartburn, if they last more than 2 days.

The first thing you need to try to optimize the diet, and if it does not help - go to the doctor.

The presence of such symptoms as:

breath odor abdominal pain heartburn diarrhea constipation nausea vomiting belching increased gas formation (flatulence)

If you have at least 2 of these symptoms, then this indicates a developing

gastritis or gastric ulcer.

These diseases are dangerous by the development of serious complications (penetration, gastric bleeding, etc.), many of which can lead to

to the end Treatment must begin now.

Read the article about how a woman got rid of these symptoms by defeating their main cause. Read the material ...

Severe burning, stomach pain, nausea - unpleasant conditions that periodically occur in the epigastric region of each person. Episodic disorders fit into the norm, but the uncomfortable feeling can be aggravated by other pathological conditions.

If heartburn and bloating occur simultaneously or with a small time interval, then there is a high probability that there is a disease in the body.

Factor bad habits and improper lifestyle

Smoking and alcohol abuse - addictions that adversely affect the state of the stomach. Once inside, the harmful substances provoke inflammation, which leads to inadequate digestion of food and the appearance of flatulence.

Other lifestyle related reasons:

Overweight Constant overeating provokes stretching of the stomach walls and weakening of the gastric sphincter, due to which food is again thrown into the esophagus. Obese people are also tormented by belching and poor digestion of food. Abuse of pills. Most drugs increase the level of acidity of the stomach, especially Aspirin, Ortofen, Ibuprofen, Venarus, and provoke heartburn. Wearing chilling clothes. Tight belts, corsets, uncomfortable costumes - adverse factors that impair digestion. Sleep after eating. Nutritionists do not recommend taking a horizontal position after eating: the risk of throwing food into the esophagus increases dramatically. A warning. Heavy smokers and alcohol lovers are more likely to face ulcerative lesions of the stomach and heartburn.

Poisoning and heartburn

Most often, a burning sensation in the stomach occurs after ingesting inside of harmful substances that come with toxic chemicals, alcohol counterfeit, acids, alkalis, or spoiled products. After such poisoning, belching is combined with vomiting, with the help of which the body tries to get rid of hazardous substances.

Power factor

Even if you exclude harmful foods cause heartburn and bloating may be the reasons associated with a violation of food intake. Eating on the go, the tendency to fill up at night, irregular eating, frequent diets - the conditions for the development of disruptions in the gastrointestinal tract. Apologists for healthy eating require you to choose a traditional rhythm meal - breakfast, lunch and dinner.

Pathogenic microflora

The predominance of conditionally pathogenic microflora in the intestine affects the strengthening of the activity of microorganisms that increase the release of hydrogen, methane, carbon dioxide, which produce gas formation. In severe dysbacteriosis, a person experiences all the signs of intoxication, including heartburn and vomiting. Effective preventive and therapeutic agents are probiotics: Linex, Bifidumbacterin and their analogues. You can restore the microflora and the use of dairy products.

Value of stress

Neurotic states are dangerous due to increased release of hydrochloric acid into the stomach under the influence of stress factors. Lack of food at this moment is associated with a strong negative effect on the stomach - its surface becomes inflamed, and the muscles of the intestine come to a state of spasm. For these reasons, because of the nervous work, many citizens quickly develop ulcerative inflammations, heartburn and belching with a sour aftertaste.

The role of the pancreas

Proper digestion of food is possible, including with sufficient production of enzymes by the pancreas. The reduction in the intake of organic catalysts that break down complex carbohydrates and proteins leads to the fact that food is not digested enough, and the stomach begins to swell and grow in size. To provoke a disorder in the work of an important organ can be the immoderate intake of junk food and enthusiasm for alcoholic beverages.

Heartburn and gas formation - associated diseases:

pancreatitis, diabetes, pancreatic necrosis, jaundice, cyst gland.

With such diseases, the food is oxidized and, by entering further into the digestive tract, it is not fully digested, therefore, in the feces one can often find undigested food particles. Almost always there is a change in the color of urine and fecal masses, encircling pain appears. To replenish the enzymes, they take special medications to replenish the deficiency of pancreatic enzymes (Mezim, Creon, Micrasim, Hermital).

Chronic pathology

The presence of certain diseases in humans is directly related to the appearance of bloating and heartburn.

Gastritis. Increased acidity literally corrodes the stomach. Symptoms of the disease - the appearance of acute pain in the stomach 2-3 hours after ingestion of food. GERD. Chronic recurrent disease is characterized by regular throwing of partially digested food into the esophagus. GERD leads to an increase in intra-abdominal pressure. There is also sour belching and heartburn. Hernia. Unpleasant condition provokes a hernia, which is located in the food opening of the diaphragm. Recognizing the disease is easy - burning sensation occurs when the body is tilted, while in an upright position all the symptoms disappear. Duodenitis. Pathology occurs when there are already inflammations of the gastrointestinal tract and leads to poor intestinal motility (food moves poorly). Food lingers longer than necessary time - there is increased gas formation and heartburn. Cholecystitis. Inflammation of the gallbladder leads to the accumulation of bile, causing inflammation.

After identifying one or more painful conditions, the elimination of heartburn, as well as bloating occurs after the elimination of diseases that initiate discomfort.

Burning and bloating in children

If the child complains of burning pains and abdominal distention, then active physical games should be excluded immediately after eating. Normalize the work of the digestive tract should and after the abandonment of fried and fatty foods. It is recommended to introduce more fermented milk products (except milk), vegetables and fruits.

Possible causes of heartburn in infants

In newborns, unpleasant symptoms often develop due to individual intolerance to mixtures or the incorrect introduction of previously unfamiliar products. Of the likely diseases associated with unpleasant conditions, it should be distinguished: cystic fibrosis, scoliosis, ENT diseases, helminthic invasions. Persistent heartburn and flatulence, even after the implementation of all recommendations, should be accompanied by an appeal to your doctor.

Discomfort in pregnant women

The emergence of toxicosis violates the proper functioning of the digestive tract, and the appearance of stress on the stomach by an increasing child only increases the discomfort. Due to physiological transformations, a burning sensation arises: the esophageal sphincter temporarily loses its locking function. However, after birth, the hormonal balance is restored and the discomfort disappears.

How are these disorders treated?

With minor disruption of the bowels, patients often use folk remedies and healers' advice. Popular after eating a soda solution, potato juice or chamomile broth, and dill water and baked pumpkin are popular. In case of severe malfunctions, they take remedies for heartburn (Renny, Gastal, Gaviscon, Inalan). Regardless of the reason for the appearance of internal distention and simultaneous burning in the stomach, doctors always prescribe nutrition correction.

The reasons for the occurrence of heartburn are many, but as the number of attacks increases, the treatment of discomfort should be started as soon as possible. Timely elimination of the initiating factor helps prevent the transition of heartburn and concomitant distention to the chronic stage, which increases the risk of developing stomach cancer.

Gases can gradually accumulate in the stomach, which leads to bloating and belching. Abdominal distention and belching are two possible symptoms of indigestion and they often occur together.

The active process of gas formation can lead to swelling or stretching of the stomach due to pressure on its walls emitted gases.

Burping is the easiest and most effective tool for relieving this pressure. Without belching, the gases must independently pass through the entire digestive tract, which can be inconvenient and sometimes painful.

Abdominal bloating and belching have a large number of possible causes. It is important to identify the causal factors of belching and flatulence.

This will allow the correct treatment of a particular disease in the gastrointestinal tract and get rid of various manifestations of indigestion.

Belching with air and bloating, the causes of which can vary from one person to another, occur, as they say, hand in hand (that is, almost simultaneously).

Flatulence occurs due to the release of a large amount of gas accumulated in the stomach during a certain period of time. The stomach feels uncomfortable in this state and can be painful when touched.

Often, the digestive process is disturbed or delayed, which prevents the normal passage of food and the release of gas to the outside.

Belching with air is a way to release the gas emitted from the stomach, relieving pressure and contributing to the prevention or alleviation of abdominal bloating.

The muscles of the lower esophageal sphincter are responsible for ensuring that the contents of the stomach rise into the esophagus. At the same time, the sphincter may relax to bring some of the gas back through the esophagus and out of the mouth as a burp.

Gases are present in the stomach of any person, although in normal conditions their amount should be normal and not cause bloating and belching.

These gases mainly come from two sources:

atmospheric, provoked by diet or diet.

Air is swallowed with food and gases are released when digested. Some foods, such as carbonated beverages, contain large amounts of gas and most likely cause flatulence and belching.

The high level of gases emitted from any source leads to an increase in the size of the abdomen, pain in the stomach.

For most people, gas in the digestive tract is of atmospheric origin. The air is also swallowed when the person chews the cud, licks hard candies or smokes.

Other factors that can cause air ingestion include poorly fitted dentures or a capillary tube.

Some people usually swallow an increased amount of air in times of stressful situations; this can also cause bloating and belching.

Certain foods produce more gas during digestion.

Baked beans and Brussels sprouts are notorious for their ability to actively produce gases in the stomach. Fructose and sugars found in most fruits also produce large volumes of gas.

Other products that promote flatulence include:

onions, broccoli, wheat, asparagus.

In some people, the sugar-containing sweetener sorbitol can also cause a fairly high level of gas formation and provoke bloating along with belching.

Medically, burping does not usually cause concern. Only in some cases, excessive air burping and heartburn can be associated with the painful condition of the stomach.

Frequent belching can be caused, in particular, by gastroesophageal reflux disease. Treatment of GERD in most cases eliminates the symptoms of regular belching.

To take control and get rid of this condition, a person can take medicines for bloating, including those containing a substance called simethicone.

Often, simple lifestyle changes, such as slowing down the diet and avoiding the consumption of chewing gum and large amounts of drinking soda, can help alleviate the condition.

In some situations, a person may need to undergo a so-called relaxation or behavioral treatment to prevent excessive belching.

If the cause of stomach discomfort is not caused by an excess of air, then belching usually does not give relief.

When belching does not provide relief from excess gas, it is usually a sign that a person may have a certain stomach disease. The doctor can diagnose the causes of this condition.

The most common causes of gas and bloating are constipation and eating foods that lead to high levels of swallowed air and intestinal bacteria.

Some foods are more prone to increased gassing than others, especially dairy and other foods that are difficult to digest.

Sometimes constipation can also lead to excessive gas and bloating, especially if fermented food waste is in the colon for a long period of time.

In other cases, the opposite problem, namely diarrhea, can provoke abdominal distension and stomach discomfort.

Most often, flatulence and heartburn occur when a person consumes foods that the body digests for a long time. It can be absolutely any products, it all depends on the individual characteristics of a particular person.

Some types of food are better known to cause gas. These include dairy products, beans and cruciferous vegetables.

Bacteria in the colon are naturally present and help to destroy food during digestion.

Elements that are harder to digest, require more energy and effort, and lead to more intense gas during the digestion process.

This leads to the fact that excess gas enters the intestine and can cause bloating and discomfort.

Similarly, flatulence, heartburn and belching with air can be caused by a condition such as diarrhea, which is often caused by digestive bacteria.

When harmful bacteria are prevalent in the gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea can occur, often accompanied by painful gassing.

This condition can be cured by waiting for the body's immune system to destroy the excessive level of bacteria on its own, or by taking antidiarrheal drugs.

Belching, heartburn and bloating can create a lot of inconvenience to anyone, especially in society. To avoid these stomach problems, follow a healthy diet high in fiber, water, fruits and vegetables.

Sometimes severe or chronic flatulence can indicate a serious illness.

If the problems persist for a long time, despite changes in the diet, it is recommended to consult a doctor for further analysis and assessment of the condition.

Very rarely, gastrointestinal upset and bloating can signal a very serious type of cancer or bowel obstruction.

Treatment and Prevention

Abdominal distension and belching causes of which are very diverse, with special attention from the sick person, because sometimes they are symptoms of serious diseases.

Treatment of these conditions must begin immediately. This will allow timely identification of the real causes of bloating and belching, as well as quickly get rid of these conditions.

To reduce flatulence, the patient should avoid eating foods that can provoke gas formation in the stomach. Carbohydrate products often lead to the formation of an excessive volume of gas, and, therefore, their consumption should be limited.

These products include cabbage, broccoli, beans, lettuce and fruits like pears and apples.

The body removes excess air from the stomach by belching. Air is swallowed when a person consumes food too quickly or when he overeat.

Speaking with food and using chewing gum is undesirable, as this can lead to air swallowing and, as a result, to bloating.

People who have gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD are also prone to swallowing excess air in order to.

Constant belching and heartburn can also be symptoms of peptic ulcer, gastritis or gastroparesis. You can avoid this phenomenon by chewing food slowly.

You should also not drink drinks too fast, and you should refrain from using straws.

People prone to gas accumulation should eliminate carbonated drinks from the diet. Other habits to avoid include smoking and the use of chewing gum.

People who wear dentures should make sure that they are well matched to the shape of the jaw so that the air is not swallowed when used.

It is also recommended to treat heartburn with certain home remedies and herbs to prevent constant belching.

Intestinal gases are released when undigested food undergoes fermentation in the colon. Gas can also be formed during incomplete splitting of food.

Products containing gluten or sugar can sometimes not be fully digested, which also leads to the formation of gas.

Other causes of intestinal gas include an imbalance in the level of intestinal bacteria and impaired intestinal microflora.

This may be due to taking certain medications or improper absorption of carbohydrates. Swallowed air can also reach the colon area and lead to gas accumulation.

Some people experience intestinal flatulence due to constipation.

Constipation causes food to remain inside the colon for longer periods of time and this, therefore, contributes to the fermentation process.

To avoid intestinal gas, you must additionally avoid products such as beans, onions, cabbage, bananas, lentils. People who have a problem with the digestion of dairy products, as well as heartburn, should choose products that do not contain lactose.

Fatty foods lead to slower digestion. Therefore, it is desirable that the daily diet consist of low-fat dishes.

Although fiber contributes to the digestive process, it can sometimes lead to the formation of gases.

In this regard, it is recommended to reduce the number of products rich in fiber, until the problem with the active release of intestinal gas disappears.

If there is too much discomfort due to gas, certain medications can be used without consulting and a specialist's prescription.

In most cases, flatulence, intestinal gases and other minor problems with the stomach are on their own.

Causes and clinical manifestations

The most common cause of gas accumulation in the intestines and heartburn are permanent disturbances in the process of digesting food, leading to very frequent disorders. They can be caused by:

bad habits (smoking, alcohol), violation of food intake schedule, unhealthy diet, eating poor-quality or incompatible food, antibiotic therapy or long-term use of other drugs, viral infections affecting the intestines, starvation or frequent overeating, psychological factors (stress , depression).

If the heaviness in the stomach and heartburn occur constantly - this may indicate the following diseases:

Intestinal dysbiosis - a sharp increase in the quantitative composition of pathogenic microflora contributes to increased gas production. Harmful bacteria that feed on the remnants of food entering the intestine emit gas, increasing its concentration, which causes bloating. In this case, part of the gas enters the duodenum and into the stomach, causing heartburn and belching with an unpleasant smell of acetone. Along with this, there may be upset stools (diarrhea or constipation), abdominal pain, nausea. Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder) - characterized by strong flatulence, nausea, heartburn and belching with a bitter aftertaste. At the same time, body temperature can periodically rise to 37.5-380С. Chronic colitis is a disease that is closely associated with pathological processes in the digestive system. Doctors emphasize that with this disease, patients most often suffer from severe swelling, constant heartburn and belching, there is often bitterness in the mouth, girdling pains and false urges to defecate occur. Diseases of the stomach and pancreas (lack of enzymes for digestion) - the first signs of pathology - heartburn, flatulence, belching. Duodenal ulcer - manifested by nausea, heartburn, severe swelling and a feeling of distention in the abdomen, as well as occasional pain in the hypochondrium. Increased acidity of the stomach - accompanied by heartburn, sour belching, pain in the left hypochondrium, nausea, bloating and heaviness that appear after eating.

Heartburn and bloating may be accompanied by other symptoms of a GI disorder:

abnormal stools, burning in the stomach, pain in the right or left hypochondrium, lower abdomen, false urge to empty the bowel, nausea, belching.

If heartburn and a feeling of fullness in the stomach appear after eating and disappear on their own after 6-8 hours, this is considered normal. But, if the symptoms do not disappear during this period of time or start to be disturbed constantly, you should always consult a doctor for advice. Ignoring the lingering breakdown of the digestive organs can lead to the progression of a serious illness.

Diagnostics

In patients complaining of heartburn and bloating, it is necessary to identify the immediate cause of these symptoms: food or more serious pathology. In this case, the doctor, in addition to visual inspection (due to his low information content), will definitely prescribe a number of the following diagnostic procedures:

complete blood count, urine and feces, coprogram, analysis to identify compliance with the normal level of acidity in the stomach, gastroscopy or colonoscopy, x-rays with contrast enhancement of the abdominal organs, ultrasound of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space: liver, spleen, gall bladder, pancreas, kidneys, etc.

Based on the results obtained, the doctor prescribes treatment. With the right tactics, the symptoms that cause discomfort will quickly disappear, as well as the disease that provoked their appearance.

Features of treatment

Considering that an increased accumulation of gases in the intestines and heartburn appear in various pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, only a doctor can select effective drugs for treatment, since these are narrow-spectrum drugs that can not be used on their own because of many side effects.

Medications

To relieve the patient's condition with pain, painful swelling and heartburn (especially if it is a one-time disorder of the digestive process), you can use the following drugs:

Mezim Forte - stimulates the production of substances for the normal functioning of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, lowers the level of acidity in the stomach, eliminates the feeling of heaviness and distention after eating. Enterosgel is an absorbent that removes toxic substances from the body. It is used for poisoning, intestinal infections, bloating. Espumizan - quickly eliminates the accumulation of gases in the intestines. Khilak Forte is a prebiotic that normalizes the quantitative and qualitative composition of the intestinal microflora, which improves the process of food digestion. Hydrolitsit - a drug that neutralizes hydrochloric acid in the stomach. Quickly relieves heartburn, can be used in the treatment of acid-associated gastrointestinal diseases. Rennie - a drug that normalizes the work of the digestive tract, reduces high acidity in the stomach, eliminates heartburn. Effective to eliminate painful symptoms, not intended for the treatment of diseases and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.

Folk remedies

In folk medicine, there are also several effective ways to cope with heartburn and bloating:

mint tea - brew 1 tsp. crushed dry grass in 1st. boiling water. Useful for disorders in digestion caused by stress, depression, nervous exhaustion, soda solution — 250 ml of water with сод hp soda dissolved in it drink from hyperacidity, ginger tincture is used to normalize the intestinal microflora and to improve the functioning of the digestive organs tract drink 1 tsp. tincture after meals. For its preparation use fresh ginger root. 50 g of the product is cut into pieces and poured 1 l of vodka, you can add 100 g of honey. All insist in a dark warm place for 2 weeks.

Despite the ease of use of traditional recipes and simple ingredients that make up them, it is advisable to consult a doctor before using them. In addition, these methods help to get rid of the painful symptoms for a while, and not to cure the main cause of their appearance.

Useful recommendations

With heartburn and bloating in the stomach should be very closely monitor the diet. It is desirable to include in the menu more products that optimize the work of the digestive tract:

fresh vegetables, fruits, cereals, dairy products, dietary meat.

And completely exclude from the daily use of fatty, too salty and pickled food, fast food, sweets, spicy and spicy dishes. You should also follow a certain dietary schedule, which means eating 4 times a day in small portions.

Preventive measures to prevent indigestion, are in a healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition, exercise and giving up bad habits. Timely prevention of viral diseases, strengthening the immune system, timely medical examinations are very important. And it is very important at the first signs of discomfort (pain, heaviness, bloating, etc.) not to self-medicate, but to consult a doctor for advice and diagnosis.

August 21, 2015

Heartburn, belching, bloating - symptoms that indicate a malfunction in the digestive system of the body. What are the causes of these unpleasant processes, and how to get rid of them?

Mechanism of occurrence

Heartburn is a burning sensation or discomfort in the upper esophagus. Heartburn occurs when acid from the stomach enters the esophagus. Sometimes the cause may be excessively spicy or fatty foods, the abundance of which causes a large amount of gastric juice to escape into the esophagus. But the regular occurrence of heartburn indicates problems in the work of the digestive system.

Belching - exit through the oral cavity gases accumulating in the stomach or esophagus. Occurs due to an increase in intragastric pressure - the muscles of the stomach contract, the sphincter (the valve between the esophagus and the stomach) relaxes, the valve between the duodenum and the stomach contracts. In healthy people it can occur due to excessive swallowing of air, after consuming carbonated drinks, but sometimes accompanies various diseases of the esophagus and / or stomach.

Abdominal bloating is one of the symptoms of various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, sometimes occurs after a heavy meal or consumption of certain foods. In medicine, this process is called flatulence, it is caused by the accumulation of gases in the intestine. It appears as a feeling of distention in the stomach, its increase in volume, rumbling, may be accompanied by the release of gas (flatulence).

If the listed symptoms accompany you constantly, you should contact a competent gastroenterologist. You will be prescribed the necessary tests and studies, the results of which will diagnose and prescribe treatment. Having cured from the main disease, you will get rid of unpleasant symptoms.

Factors that can trigger the disease

Flatulence can be caused by the consumption of foods that contain large amounts of fiber and carbohydrates: beans, black bread, cabbage, milk, grapes, kvass, beer, carbonated drinks, as well as antibiotics.In addition, infants often suffer from flatulence, women during pregnancy (accompanied by constipation) and on premenstrual days. Frequent constipation or diarrhea (diarrhea) that occurs for various reasons can cause pain and bloating.

Carbonated drinks, onions, milk and milk drinks, ice cream can contribute to belching. Belching is observed in young children due to an inconclusive nervous system. Burping can also occur during pregnancy.

The cause of heartburn in healthy people may be the consumption of certain foods (chocolate, coffee, strong tea, peppermint, fatty, spicy, sour foods, alcohol), overeating, night-time eating, overweight, smoking, being in a horizontal state after eating, pregnancy .

Diseases that can cause heartburn, bloating, belching

Heartburn may be a symptom of the following pathologies:

gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, hernia of the food opening of the diaphragm, chronic gastritis, inflammation of the duodenum (duodenitis), inflammation of the esophagus, cholecystitis - inflammation of the gall bladder, obesity, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GER); organs of the digestive tract.

Diseases that can cause flatulence:

intestinal dysmotility, chronic pancreatitis, irritable bowel syndrome, dysbiosis, lactose intolerance, intestinal obstruction, tumors, polyps, complications after operations on the gastrointestinal organs, gastritis of various types, gallstones, enteritis, colitis, liver cirrhosis, intestinal parasites, intestinal atony due to peritonitis.

Burping may have different characteristics: there is a burping odorless and unpleasant sensations, it is called “burping air”. But it happens that it is accompanied by the release of a small amount of food and an unpleasant taste - bitter, sour, putrid. Various types of belching are symptoms of various diseases. For example, a sour belching (resulting from an increase in acidity in the stomach) can cause a stomach ulcer, gastritis, and gastroesophageal reflux.

Bitter occurs due to bile from the duodenum in the stomach, it happens with gastroduodenal reflux, injuries, complications after surgery, taking certain drugs, chronic duodenitis, hernias, tumors.

Putrid eructation, which occurs during stagnation and putrefaction of food in the stomach, causes: diabetes, chronic atrophic gastritis, ulcers, stomach cancer.

Belching air occurs due to diseases of the duodenum, aerofagii (excessive involuntary swallowing of air during a meal), stomach neurosis, diseases of the gallbladder, liver, cardiovascular system, oral and nasal cavities.

What is dangerous to ignore the symptoms

Thus, heartburn, belching and bloating both individually and, manifesting simultaneously, can be the consequences of various diseases, and ignoring these symptoms (with their frequent manifestation and occurrence not only after eating certain foods or drugs) can lead to serious consequences. for the body. For example, belching can be caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which, if left untreated, can lead to such diseases as: esophagitis, peptic ulcer of the esophagus, Barrett syndrome, cancer of the esophagus.

If you turned to a gastroenterologist with complaints of belching, heartburn, abdominal distension, to determine the causes of these symptoms, the doctor may use the following methods of diagnosis:

External examination of the abdomen and body. Palpation of the abdomen and lymph nodes. Percussion of the abdominal wall. Rectal examination, methods of rectal examination: palpation, endoscopy. X-ray of the abdominal organs. Gastroscopy. Gastroduodenoscopy. Ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity. CT scan (computed tomography) of the abdominal cavity. Esophagoscopy with biopsy. 24-hour monitoring of intra-esophageal acidity. Blood tests, feces, urine, BAK-seeding.

Based on the results of research, a diagnosis is made and the necessary treatment is prescribed. With proper therapy, the symptoms that worried you will go along with the disease that caused them.

Symptom management methods

To carry out any traditional or unconventional treatment can only consult with your doctor, otherwise you can harm your own body.

The most important condition for getting rid of the above symptoms is to control nutrition, it is necessary to limit consumption or to abandon foods that provoke heartburn, belching or flatulence, not to fill up for the night, not to pass, to eat often, but little by little.

Also important is getting rid of bad habits (alcohol, smoking) and an active lifestyle.

Acute bouts of heartburn can be stopped in the following ways:

Take 1 tbsp. olive or sunflower oil. Chew a few peas, almonds, grains of oats, barley. Eat a sprig of sorrel, dill seeds, cabbage leaf. Drink a glass of warm mineral water can be and not take a horizontal position. Drink a glass of potato juice (if there is no reaction to starch). Drink 0.5 tsp. aloe juice, diluted in 0.5 st. water. Snack warm, low-fat, unsharp food, such as soup, soup, mashed potatoes, porridge. Take antacid - a drug to eliminate heartburn.

When burping, it is recommended to drink freshly squeezed vegetable juices, eat fresh carrots or an apple, and drink goat's milk after meals.

With flatulence, you can take activated charcoal (1g / day), drink mint tea or chamomile infusions, add ginger, dill, parsley to food - these herbs reduce gas formation.

But all of the above are emergency measures. In the event that such symptoms bother you regularly, consult a doctor.

2 votes, on average:

Severe burning, stomach pain, nausea - unpleasant conditions that periodically occur in the epigastric region of each person. Episodic disorders fit into the norm, but the uncomfortable feeling can be aggravated by other pathological conditions.

If heartburn and bloating occur simultaneously or with a small time interval, then there is a high probability that there is a disease in the body.

Malnutrition

The first reason that such symptoms manifest in a person is an unhealthy diet. It is important to note that just problems with the digestive system may not be any in principle. Of course, then they can also start due to an unhealthy diet, but so far the reason is only what a person eats in his food. And here are some basic reasons why a problem may arise:

  • Heartburn, as well as belching and bloating may occur if you eat too fast. Then the excess air gradually gets in greater and greater quantities into the digestive system - and it begins to accumulate there. So it is unnecessary to rush, or eat on the go - an option that will be obviously losing.
  • Belching, as well as bloating, occur when you eat too much liquid food, for example, lean on the first, and ignore the second.
  • Some foods are also the cause of burping (usually burping with air) and bloating, and in some cases heartburn. An example would be vegetables and fruits, which provoke the secretion of juice inside the abdomen. It accumulates in excess, provoking increased gas formation inside the stomach.
  • When you overeat too much, then your stomach increases the load. Substances begin to stagnate inside the stomach, and it is there that they gradually begin to deteriorate. Because belching, as well as bloating and sometimes nausea in this case, more than frequent guests. You can eat healthy food, but just eat it in unnecessarily large amounts - and then the problems will immediately make themselves felt.

Diseases and pathologies

Other reasons why these symptoms can make themselves known are simply a particular disease or pathology, usually of the stomach, but not only of the stomach, which could be manifested in humans. If so, then the elimination of this disease will pass and unpleasant symptoms. They can be caused by various deviations in the work of the body and the stomach in particular, but we will consider the main, most common causes of this kind in people.

  • Chronic pancreatitis. This inflammation of the pancreas is a fairly frequent problem, due to which abdominal distension and belching are very common.
  • Various diseases of the biliary tract. They can be very many, for example, it can be cholecystitis, biliary dyskinesia and so on. Then, in addition to the symptoms described above, there will be, as a rule, bitterness in the mouth after belching, as well as a short, not very constant, but noticeable pain in the right hypochondrium, just above the abdomen.
  • Other chronic diseases of the stomach and intestines. An example would be gastritis or inflammation of the duodenum. Then belching, as well as nausea and bloating are frequent guests of the body.
  • Surgery on the abdominal organs may also be the cause of the problem, after which the problem may also be present for some time - and may be accompanied by abdominal pain. Sometimes there is nausea.

And now we will consider the main approaches to treatment, which are applied when similar symptoms begin too often manifest in a person and do not go away with time, but confidently interfere with it. Of course, the treatment must proceed from the fact that it was precisely the cause, that is, it is necessary to treat not the symptoms, but the cause of their occurrence. So it is recommended that you first fairly quickly identify what the diagnosis is, what exactly the problem arose. But there are several general treatment approaches that vary, depending on the cause.

  • Try to eat balanced. Eat spicy foods less, minimize canned foods, spicy foods, and so on. If you want to pamper yourself, eat marmalade.
  • Walk more often, move more, breathe fresh air, preferably air in the forest or in the park. From the movement you should become easier.
  • You can try to drink choleretic agents, or enzymatic, if there is a suspicion of pancreatitis. But in general you should not use drugs without a doctor's prescription.

Conclusion

As we can see, the causes of this problem can be quite numerous - and they are all different. It is necessary to understand what caused such discomfort and provoked these symptoms, what are these reasons - and then take up the direct elimination of the problem. Although this is not so often the case because of some disease, it’s still not worthwhile to completely reject this factor. But in general, as a rule, so that these symptoms do not show up, it is enough just to lead a good and fairly healthy lifestyle. Get a little more movement, eat right, and take food as correctly as possible - and so on. And then you will have neither these problems nor any other. But if in doubt, what exactly provoked them - it is better to consult a doctor once again.. You will not be worse from the examination, but you can reveal any hidden pathologies that you have never guessed before. And then the faster the treatment, the better.

Watch the video: Heartburn, Acid Reflux, GERD-Mayo Clinic (January 2020).