It has two main functions:
regulates sugar index due to insulin release,
participates in the system of food processing in the duodenum.
Pancreatitis implies the failure of the digestive system due to disruption of the pancreas, resulting in an excessive accumulation of enzymes in the duct. In this scenario, iron produces juice, which destroys tissue and violates its functionality. Connecting tissue begins to replenish damaged cells, but this process only recreates the volume, but does not restore the ability to produce hormones. New cells can not perform the functions of their deceased precursors. As a result, digestion loads the rest of the cells, causing acute inflammation of the pancreas.Pancreatitis can occur in an acute or chronic form. Like other diseases, the first stages are characterized by attacks. And only in the absence of treatment can they flow into the chronic form.
Causes of pancreatitis
Like most diseases, this disease can cause several causes, one of them or 2-3 in the complex. Here is a list of the most common:
excessive drinking or alcohol poisoning,
abdominal trauma or surgery,
There are several ways to get rid of this disease. It all depends on the signs, the sharpness of the manifestations and current diseases. Surgery is rarely resorted to, only if purulent adhesions were found in the glands. If you do not promptly intervene in such a situation, the person will die from blood poisoning. There are many ways to prevent or cure a disease. In such a case, as the treatment of pancreatitis, drugs play a major role. But do not forget about traditional medicine. Doctors from leading clinics believe that fast and effective treatment of pancreatitis in any form is abstaining from food. Hunger repeatedly reduces the production of enzymes, thereby poisoning the pancreas is also minimized.
Examination and immediate measures for pancreatitis
The development of modern medicine has made the treatment of this disease quick and effective. Modern drugs allow to abandon surgery and go to the step therapy. Before you begin treatment, prescribe examination, general tests, ultrasound.Patients enter the dispensary mainly with an acute manifestation of the disease. First of all, when prescribing therapy, they begin treatment with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs. If a purulent mass has been identified, in addition to the main therapy, a minimally invasive intervention, antimicrobial sanitation of purulent masses is carried out.
A quick positive effect is achieved by suppressing the breakdown of enzymes and elimination of toxins from the blood, which impede the patient's recovery.
Treatment of pancreatitis with drugs consists of the use of the following remedies:
painkillers - Papaverin, No-shpa, Ketarol, Analgin,
antacids - Phosphalugel, Almagel, Ranitidine,
enzymatic means - "Creon", "Pancreatin", "Omez".
Proper treatment of pancreatitis, for which only a doctor can prescribe drugs, is impossible without antacids and histamine blockers. Such drugs are taken to protect the walls of the gastric tract from the damaging effects of the contents of the pancreas.
It is very important to start timely treatment of pancreatitis. The drugs for it are most often prescribed the same: "Omeprazole" and "Ranitidine". These funds reduce acidity and are considered more effective than other drugs. But with excessive use of drugs violated the rate of discharge of juice and the process of splitting food in the stomach.In certain situations, the treatment of pancreatitis is taken drugs of another group. They serve as substitutes for natural enzymes - Pancreatin, Creon 800, Creon 25000. Medications reduce the production of pancreatic juice, which destroys tissue.
Chronic pancreatitis: folk treatment
If the disease has already gone out of the acute stage, and the treatment has proven to be ineffective, then long therapy is waiting for you. Chronic pancreatitis is a long-lasting inflammatory process in the pancreas. From this disease suffer more women of middle age.
Chronic pancreatitis can be a consequence of such diseases:
vascular occlusion of the gland,
heavy metal poisoning.
At the first signs of illness, it is necessary to sound the alarm, but before starting treatment of pancreatitis in adults, the drugs must be coordinated with the doctor. When herbal therapy is recommended to carefully choose recipes.In the case of chronic pancreatitis without natural herbs, it would be impossible to eliminate the disease with pills alone. There are popular methods of treatment of pancreatitis, which help to restore the pancreas:
- receiving a decoction of medicinal herbs from bile,
- the use of infusion localizing the inflammatory process in bile,
- eating healthy food five times a day
- strict adherence to diet.
Folk methods of treatment of pancreatitis recommend competently to select healing herbs. They are divided into the following categories:
enveloping and protecting the mucous membrane.
To reduce the amount of bile in the same proportions they mix the immortelle, dandelion roots, chamomile, tansy, knotweed and put it in a liter jar, pour boiling water and leave for one to two hours in a dark place. Drink a decoction of one cup half an hour after each meal.To relieve the inflammatory process using plantain. It is rich in vitamins and natural hepatoprotectors. One spoonful of fresh juice is taken before meals for 30 days. After a break of two to three months, continue the course.
For anesthesia, it is necessary to take the crushed leaves of dandelion, motherwort, dried lice, plantain and millennial. Two tablespoons of the mixture are added to a thermos of boiling water and infused for seven hours. It is advisable to drink the medicine at night to relieve pain and reduce the production of bile. In such a serious matter as the treatment of pancreatitis, drugs prescribed by a doctor are not the only things you can rely on. As you can see, herbs can also play a significant role.
Acute pancreatitis: treatment
Preparations for this stage of the disease are also prescribed exclusively by a specialist. Chronic illness can provoke a disease in this form. If time does not reveal the disease and does not cure, pseudocysts may form on the glands. Growing up and accumulating excess fluid, they will begin to squeeze other organs, thereby causing very strong pain.
First of all, treatment begins with a strict diet, at least a week they drink only mineral water and tea without sugar. This is done to eliminate the provoking factor that causes pancreatic spasm.Acute pancreatitis is not very different from the chronic stage. Treatment, drugs and diet are very similar. The main focus is on medicines:
slowing down the pancreas and relieving spasm - "Festal", "No-shpa", "Mezim", "Pancreatin",
reduce the production of pancreatic juice and relieve tissue inflammation - Dyuspatalin,
reducing the secretion of pancreatic juice - "Pirenzepin"
slowing down the work of the gland, due to which it has time to recover - the hormonal drug "Octreotide".
But prevention has always been better than any treatment. Once again, review the factors that provoke the emergence of this disease. Let some of the items are beyond our control, but everyone can give up alcohol and eat healthy foods. This will greatly reduce the chance of pancreatitis.
1 Clinical picture
Normally, the pancreas secretes digestive enzymes designed to break down proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Through the ducts of the gland, they drain into the duodenum and take part in further digestion processes. If the organ for some reason swells or becomes inflamed, pancreatitis begins, and its treatment at an early stage is much faster than when it is running. However, people most often go to doctors, even when developing indomitable diarrhea or vomiting.
Patients with pancreatitis may be tormented by pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, bloating, etc. Some of the symptoms of the disease can dominate and cause great inconvenience compared to the others. Without a doubt, you need to start with a full survey. First, it is necessary in order not to miss other pathologies: stomach problems, duodenal ulcers, etc. Secondly, it is necessary to determine the severity of pancreatitis. All this information is important for the gastroenterologist, since on its basis he will formulate a strategy for the treatment of pancreatitis.
In general, pancreatitis is treated with different groups of drugs. Not in all cases, the patient is prescribed a standard kit. Appointment occurs individually, depending on the state, the doctor may recommend enzymes in capsules or microgranular. The latter have a prolonged effect and are absorbed much faster.
In addition, it is important to keep an operational relationship with your doctor, as the drugs have side effects and may cause additional health problems. If they harm the patient, the doctor will advise an alternative drug or adjust the therapy in another way.
Drug treatment of pancreatitis includes a number of drugs.
2 Anti-enzyme preparations and antibiotics
These drugs for the treatment of pancreatitis inhibit specific enzymes. In particular, inhibitors of proteolytic enzymes in the early stages of pancreatitis prevent and stop necrosis of the pancreas, as well as the development of inflammatory processes associated with pancreatic necrosis. Most often prescribed Contrycal, Gordox, Ingitril, Panthripin. People with allergic reactions should take antihistamines (Zodak, Cetirizine, Suprastin, etc.) when taking these drugs.
Remember that Ingitril is contraindicated in diseases that cause increased blood clotting. Fibrinolysis inhibitors (Tranexam, Aminocaproic acid) have a specific hemostatic effect in case of internal bleeding and during surgical operations. Only a specialist can understand these intricacies of chemical and biological reactions.
If the patient has a fever, vomiting and severe pain are observed, combinations of several broad-spectrum antibiotics from different groups are usually prescribed. For example, a doctor can prescribe a cephalosporin (Ceftriaxon, Cefotaxim) with an aminoglycoside (Amikacin, Netilmicin), an aminoglycos with a lincome, a lucosamine, a lucosamine, a lucosamine; . The combination and dosage depends on the severity of the disease.
Antibacterial therapy is designed to reduce inflammation in the pancreas itself and its surrounding tissues, which are eroded by pancreatic juice. This is done in order to avoid the formation of dead spots inside the pancreas, peritonitis, stuffing box abscess and other life-threatening complications.
3 Enzyme preparations and antispasmodics
Enzyme preparations for pancreatitis are needed to normalize digestion, eliminate nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. In addition, they provide functional peace of the organ, and proteases, lipase and amylase in their composition improve the digestion and absorption of proteins, fats and carbohydrates into the blood.
With exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis, the doctor may prescribe Creon. A conventional Creon's gelatin capsule contains a variety of microcapsules medications, including pancreatin, amylase, lipase, and proteinase. This form of the drug provides a long and gradual release of the main substance in comparison with the tablet form. Creon quickly relieves pancreatic diarrhea and bloating.
Pancreatin is released in the form of enteric-coated tablets. It contains fewer enzymes, so it is better suited for uncomplicated cases of pancreatitis. Along with this, Mezim Forte is found, as well as combination drugs that can fight biliary tract problems: Pancurmen, Enzistal, Digestal, Festal.
If a patient has a decrease in the secretory function of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, Panzinorm Forte may be prescribed for him. The preparation includes bile acids, pancreatin, hydrochloric acid and hydrochlorides of amino acids. After the examination, the doctor will figure out which of the listed drugs is suitable for the treatment of pancreatitis in your case.
Treatment of the pancreas with drugs can not do without the use of antispasmodics. They reduce the muscle tone of the gland, reduce pain and facilitate the elimination of enzymes from the organ into the duodenum. Drotaverine or the well-known No-shpu is most commonly used. During exacerbation, the drug is injected. When vomiting, Drotaverine injections are combined with a sedative antipsychotic. In addition, the use of mebeverin, papaverin, spazmol, spasmomen, riabal and others.
4 Cholinolytic drugs and antacids
These tools are mainly used to prevent or reduce the effects of acetylcholine and cholinomimetic compounds, that is, to relieve spasm of the smooth muscles of the internal organs. Treatment of chronic pancreatitis is often carried out by selective n-anticholinergic (Pirenzepine, Gastal, Gastrozipina). M-anticholinergics - Spasmolitin, Metatsin, Platyfillin and Chloroquine - used as a means of relieving cramps.
Antacids are aimed at neutralizing the hydrochloric acid contained in the gastric juice. The decrease in the production of hydrochloric acid leads to a decrease in the secretory function of the pancreas. For the treatment of pancreatitis, nonabsorbable aluminum-magnesium antacids are commonly used - Alumag, Almagel, Maalox, Altacid, Palmagel, Maalucol, Gastracid, and others. The aluminum and magnesium hydroxide contained in the preparation neutralizes hydrochloric acid and reduces pepsin production. In addition, the drug has a local anesthetic effect and a mild laxative effect. Pain in the upper abdomen after eating in patients with pancreatitis is most often associated with an increase in pressure inside the ducts of the inflamed and swollen pancreas. Antacids reduce the amount of hydrochloric acid and reduce the production of pancreatic juice, thereby removing excess pressure. It should be noted that nonabsorbable antacids reduce the pH of the environment in the stomach to a physiological value of 3-4, which does not interfere with the gastric juice to have an antimicrobial effect and normally digest food.
Depending on the severity of symptoms, the doctor may recommend a remedy that better eliminates bloating, for example, Almagel Neo (it contains Simethicone) or Maalox. Almagel A (with benzocaine anesthetic component) is very effective for heartburn and severe pain.
If the listed drugs do not cope with pronounced manifestations of flatulence, the gastroenterologist can prescribe Simethicone (Espumizan), Dimethicone - the so-called defoamers. Antacids are always combined with the use of secretion inhibitors.
5 H2-blockers of histamine receptors
By means of suppressing the production of gastric juice, are H2-blockers of histamine receptors. This process in turn reduces the secretion of enzymes by the pancreas and reduces its swelling. Famotidin (Kvamatel) is the most popular medicine of this group; it is used to treat both acute and chronic pancreatitis. Along with this use Ranitidine and Nizatidin.
It is impossible to treat pancreatitis with drugs only, because success largely depends on compliance with all the necessary conditions:
- Bed rest.
- 2-3 days of fasting to ensure the functional rest of the body. During this period, warm alkaline mineral water “Slavyanskaya”, “Borjomi” without gas is allowed, as well as a weak rosehip infusion and slightly sweet tea.
- Observe a special diet for 3-4 weeks.
In the fine work of treating pancreatitis drugs play a dominant role, but one should not discount the influence of dietary nutrition. Without this component, treatment will be unpromising. With acute pancreatitis or exacerbation of the chronic form of the disease, alcohol and fatty foods are prohibited. Until the state of health improves, it is necessary to avoid smoking, pickles, fried foods, spices and seasonings. The patient should eat small meals 5-6 times a day. In order not to burden the digestive system, food should be consumed in a crushed or rubbed form. The slightest deviation from the diet can trigger a repeated attack of pancreatitis.
In a sparing diet with pancreatitis include mucous soups, liquid porridge, passed through a blender, soufflé of boiled lean meat, vegetable puree (with the exception of beets and pumpkins), steamed protein omelette, fruit juice jelly, yesterday's bread. All food should be warm (not hot and not cold), liquid or semi-liquid. Food needs to be cooked or steamed. Some restrictions apply to milk, dairy products and eggs.
If after 2 weeks of a similar diet in a patient, abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloating and other manifestations of the disease disappear, the doctor may allow you to switch to an unwrapped diet. Remember that the treatment of pancreatitis with different types of drugs does not always help, in this case you have to do a surgical operation, which has its own characteristics and consequences.
How to treat pancreatitis
A characteristic symptom of the disease is girdling severe pain, starting in the left side. Acceptance of antispasmodics and painkillers is ineffective in this case. Differentiating symptoms are severe pain in the pancreas immediately after eating. In addition, this disease may be accompanied by nausea, diarrhea, hiccups, fever.
Naturally, for all patients the question arises: how to cure pancreatitis? Do not self-medicate, consult a doctor. Treatment of pancreatitis at home is accompanied by a diet, at this time you should eat porridge, boiled in water, mashed potatoes, jelly and puddings. If the pain is not severe, it is advised to drink tinctures from propolis and herbs: plantain, dandelion and chamomile.
Chronic pancreatitis occurs due to frequent overeating. Alcohol and fatty foods are also affected. Often the chronic course of the disease appears after untreated acute pancreatitis. Manifestation of the disease and the use of certain drugs. Disease of the pancreas in the chronic stage can progress slowly, and, as a rule, is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- stomach ache,
- weight loss,
- nausea, vomiting,
- constant flatulence,
- chronic diarrhea,
Treatment of the chronic stage is based on several principles: the elimination of pain, a special diet, the adjustment of pancreatic function. For cutting pain, non-narcotic analgesics may be prescribed. Enzymes are prescribed to correct the digestive process. Treat exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis is necessary in the hospital, observation by experts.
The acute form of pancreatic disease begins after poisoning, alcohol abuse, with gallstones. Such a disease is characterized by a poor state of the internal organs and the risk of strong changes in the gland in a short time. The main symptom of acute pancreatitis is the occurrence of severe pain in the epigastric region. Other signs of the disease are:
- violation of the chair,
Treatment of the acute stage, as a rule, is carried out with the help of medical methods - drugs. The main principles of treatment:
- adherence to diet - the diet in the treatment of the pancreas is aimed at ensuring the rest of the inflamed mucosa,
- pain relief - pain relief is produced with the help of narcotic and non-narcotic drugs,
- symptomatic treatment - prescribe antiemetic drugs,
- purification of blood from enzymes released from the pancreas,
- treatment of acute pancreatitis with antibiotic drugs.
Reactive pancreatitis develops on the background of an acute disease of the digestive organs. The first sign of illness in a child can be severe nausea and diarrhea, in an adult - severe cutting pain under the ribs immediately after eating. Feelings at the same time can be terminated or aggravated. In addition, they often change the location. Other symptoms of the reactive stage of inflammation:
- constant heartburn
- aversion to fatty foods
- excessive salivation,
- odor intolerance.
The reactive form of the disease is not as dangerous as the other stages. What to take for pancreatitis, should determine the attending physician. Treat an illness with droppers, anesthetic injections. Remember that self-treatment of pancreatitis even with medicines can lead to the chronic form of the disease. A specialist must appoint a strict diet and constant nutrition. The patient is forbidden:
- fried, fat,
- sweet salty
- smoked food
- drinking alcohol.
Pancreas treatment with drugs
For the treatment of any stage, the patient must undergo a full course on the restoration of the gastrointestinal tract. All drugs for the treatment of pancreatitis are prescribed by a doctor. The first drug therapy is aimed at eliminating the cause, which served as the development of inflammation. It is important to eliminate pain and restore digestive function. Modern drugs for the treatment of the pancreas are well proven in domestic medicine. It is impossible to cure the disease forever.
Pill treatment should begin after acute attacks are eliminated. It will help to remove spasms "Spazgan" or "No-shpa." Daily adult dose - 240 milligrams divided into 3 doses. Duration of use - no more than 2 days. Together with these drugs are appointed antacids that neutralize hydrochloric acid - Ranitidine or Maalox.
Tablets with pancreatitis Maalox have enveloping, adsorbing properties. Take 2 tablets immediately or one hour after meals. The drug must be kept in the mouth until dissolved. You can, if absolutely necessary, increase the dose to 4 tablets. After stabilization of the disease for prevention, it is necessary to take 1 tablet 3 times a day for 2 months.
Drugs for pancreatitis are designed to restore the pancreatic mucosa. They contain special enzymes that compensate for digestive dysfunction in case of illness. Assign enzymes should be a doctor - strictly based on the causes of the disease. Most experts advise patients with pancreatin medication.
Pancreatin is found in Festal. Tablets are recommended to be taken immediately after a meal. Adults should be treated according to the scheme: 2 tablets 3 times a day. If necessary, with the permission of the doctor, you can increase the dose to 4 tablets. Treatment of pancreatic diseases of the fermented Festal can last from several days to months and even years.
Experts in the event of inflammation may prescribe tablets with antibiotic action. As a rule, the following antibiotics are prescribed for pancreatitis: Sumamed Cefotaxime, Amoxiclav, Ceftriaxone:
- Amoxiclav is recommended to take one tablet per day per week.
- Sumamed has an excellent antimicrobial effect. It is necessary to drink it 2 times a day, 1 tablet, the course of treatment is 10 days.
- Always with the use of antibiotics prescribed drugs containing live bacteria - Linex or Acipol.
The information presented in the article is for informational purposes only. Article materials do not call for self-treatment. Only a qualified doctor can diagnose and advise on treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.
Pancreatitis is accompanied by severe and sharp pain. For relief of pain syndrome, antispasmodics are used, eliminating cramps and pain. In case of intense and surrounding pains, the doctor will prescribe narcotic analgesics (available on prescription).
- Mebeverin (Aprofen, Meverin, Duspatalin, Niaspam, Trimedat) - 200 mg 2 times a day 20 minutes before meals. Allowed to apply c 12 years. Contraindications - pregnancy, allergic reactions to the active substance,
- Papaverine - 1 tablet 3 times a day. Can not be taken with allergies, glaucoma, liver failure, in old age,
- No-shpa (Drotaverina hydrochloride, Spasmol, Drotaverinum) - 1-2 tablets every 8 hours (3 times a day). Contraindications are hypersensitivity, kidney and liver failure,
- Spasmomene (Riabal) - 1 tablet 3 times a day 20 minutes before meals. It is not recommended to take with hypersensitivity.
Important to remember! Antispasmodics can not be taken more than 2 days without the recommendation of the attending physician. These drugs can cause side effects and undesirable effects, such as dizziness, nausea, vomiting, lowering blood pressure. If you experience side effects, be sure to stop taking the drug and consult a doctor.
Fighting digestive disorders
Drug treatment of pancreatitis necessarily includes taking enzymes. They eliminate dyspeptic disorders, promote proper digestion of food, soothe the pancreas, restore absorption of nutrients. The main enzyme needed for pancreatitis is pancreatin. Contained in tablet form:
Enzyme drugs take 1-2 tablets 3 times a day 15-20 minutes before meals. It is forbidden to take to people suffering from individual intolerance, intestinal obstruction and acute hepatitis.
Very important! It is not recommended to drink enzymes for more than 10 days. Prolonged use of pancreatin can cause hyperuricuria (pathological accumulation of uric acid uric acid with the formation of calculi).
Fighting increased production of hydrochloric acid
Treatment of pancreatitis with H2-blockers is required to reduce the production of hydrochloric acid. Such treatment relieves the pancreas and prevents the secretion of enzymes.
- Omeprazole (Omez, Zerocid, Noflux, Barol, Ultop, Omitox) - 2 times a day, 1 capsule on an empty stomach in an equal period of time. Not recommended for children under 5 years of age, during breastfeeding, with hypersensitivity to the active substance,
- Ranitidine (Gastrosidin, Gistak, Atilok, Famotidin, Cimetidine and others) - taken 1 tablet (150 mg) 2 times a day, half an hour before meals. Absolute contraindications are the period of pregnancy, breastfeeding and individual intolerance.
The course of treatment with such medicines is about 2 weeks. During the reception side effects may occur: nausea, diarrhea, flatulence, headaches, skin rashes, hair loss. Before use, you should consult with a specialist.
Patients with pancreatitis, who have an increased acidity of the stomach, can suffer from the pathological condition of the body - heartburn. Antacids are intended to eliminate this pathology. They neutralize excess hydrochloric acid and create a protective layer on the gastric mucosa. Antacids include:
The active substance of these drugs is magnesium hydroxide and aluminum. Antacids are available in the form of suspensions, chewable tablets. Antacid medications are taken 3-4 times a day 20-30 minutes before meals. The duration of treatment is up to 2 weeks. Contraindications - Alzheimer's disease, chronic and acute liver disease, individual intolerance to the drug.
Attention! Antacid medications should not be taken by people with low acidity of the stomach.
The fight against inflammation in the pancreas
Drug treatment of pancreatitis is not without the prescription of antibacterial drugs. Antibiotics effectively fight inflammation of the pancreas, surrounding tissues and organs. The use of antibacterial medicines will also prevent possible complications (pancreatic necrosis, abscesses, peritonitis and sepsis). For these purposes, broad-spectrum antibiotics are used:
- new generation cephalosporins,
Modern medicines can significantly improve the effectiveness of treatment and speed up recovery. If earlier antibiotics were used for at least 2 weeks, then today this time has decreased and takes no more than 7-10 days, and sometimes even less.
- Cephalosporins of the new generation - Cefotaxime, Ceftriaxone, Ceftazidime, Cefoperazone, Klaforan are produced in the form of a powder or a lyophilisate for preparing a solution. Appointed intramuscularly (with outpatient treatment) or intravenously (in hospitals). How to dilute the solution. Take 1 ampoule (2 ml) of water for injection and 1 ampoule (2 ml) of lidocaine. Dial in 5 ml. sterile syringe, enter into vial of powder and shake thoroughly. When the liquid becomes clear and homogeneous, it can be used for its intended purpose. The course of cephalosporins ranges from 7 to 10 days, 1 injection 2 times a day (for adults, the dosage of cephalosporins is 1 year in a bottle).
- Macrolides - Erythromycin, Josamycin, Roxithromycin, Azithromycin, Fromilid, Clarithromycin are available in the form of capsules and tablets for oral administration, and are considered the safest drugs of the antibiotic group. For small children produced in powder form for the preparation of suspensions. This type of antibacterial medication is easy to use, and gives a quick positive effect. They are taken once a day for no more than 5 days, 1 hour before meals or after 2 hours after meals. For adults, the dosage is 500 mg. But they have one drawback - can not be used during pregnancy and during lactation.
Important! Macrolides are not recommended to be taken in conjunction with antacid medications; alcohol is not allowed during treatment with macrolides.
Drug treatment of pancreatitis takes about a month and does not tolerate self-treatment. Uncontrolled intake of drugs leads to the development of side effects and undesirable consequences. Before self-medication, pass the diagnosis for an accurate diagnosis. This will help your doctor prescribe adequate medication. Modern medicine does not stand still, constantly produced improved and harmless medicines with high efficiency for the treatment of diseases of the digestive tract and other organs. Modern drugs can avoid surgical intervention, reduce recovery time, low toxicity and are well tolerated by the body.