Digestion

Review of pills for bloating and gas

Abdominal distention is an unpleasant consequence of overeating, unhealthy diet, and sometimes - any disease of the digestive system. A large number of sweets, muffins, carbonated drinks, legumes and some other foods ferment the intestines, resulting in a swelling. If it appears every time after eating, and little depends on the diet, it is better to seek medical help.

Festal is often called an emergency aid to the stomach and pancreas. It contributes to the rapid splitting and assimilation of food. The drug contains digestive enzymes (lipase, protease and amylase), as well as bile and hemicellulase. Enzymes break down, respectively, fats, proteins and carbohydrates, hemicellulase promotes accelerated processing of complex polysaccharides, and bile helps to evacuate the processed components from the body. Manufacturer - French-German company Aventis. If you feel that you have eaten too much, take the Festal pill along with the last portion of the food or immediately after the meal. The drug can not be used for acute and exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis, hepatitis, cirrhosis and other serious diseases of the liver and gallbladder, problems with intestinal permeability.

Mezim - the most publicized means to improve digestion. It contains the same components as Festal, with the exception of bile and hemicellulase. The manufacturer is the German pharmaceutical company Berlin-Hemi. This drug is recommended to be taken when using heavy fatty and spicy foods, as well as chronic pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, intestinal infections, bloating. It is also recommended to take after operations on the stomach or intestines. Mezim impairs the absorption of iron, so it is not recommended to use it simultaneously with iron preparations. Exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis or the occurrence of acute - are also contraindications to taking the drug. In people with cystic fibrosis, the drug can cause constipation.

Espumizan is also manufactured by Berlin-Chemie. This drug has a carminative effect, its main active ingredient is Simethicone. It contributes to the destruction of gas bubbles in the intestines, if necessary, limits the production of gastric juice, effectively relieves heartburn. It is recommended to take it not only for excessive gas formation, but also for heartburn, acid reflux, indigestion, peptic ulcer. This drug is available in the form of tablets, capsules, emulsions and suspensions. The emulsion is often prescribed to infants suffering from intestinal colic. Contraindications to receiving Espumizan are severe diseases of the digestive system and intestinal obstruction.

Other drugs

In addition to widely publicized expensive drugs, there are other medications that can help with excessive gas formation. For example, the old proven remedy is conventional activated carbon. It is not just a carminative, but also acts as an enterosorbent, linking poisons and toxins and removing them from the body. But you cannot use activated carbon, as well as other adsorbents, because it absorbs and removes not only harmful substances, but also some of the useful ones, for example, minerals.

Enterosgel is also an adsorbent. This is a drug of domestic origin, which has no analogues. Its main active ingredient is methylsilicic acid hydrogel. In structure, it resembles a sponge. Once in the human body, it absorbs harmful substances and gas bubbles, and then removes it all from the body. The French drug "Smekta" also belongs to the group of sorbents. It is recommended to take it if swelling is accompanied by diarrhea. This is a substance of natural origin, completely safe. It is prescribed to infants if they are suffering from diarrhea.

Folk remedies

Recently, many people began to refuse expensive medicines and to be treated with folk remedies. In no case can this be done in most diseases, it is better to combine traditional and popular treatment. But from bloating (if it does not occur with frightening regularity, but is the result of taking a certain type of food), folk remedies can even be used by children. For example, infused water is dill infused with colic. Adults can also treat abdominal distention with infusion of dill seeds or parsley. You can also make infusions of herbs: peppermint, chamomile, wormwood, bay leaf. It helps against bloating and juice of raw potatoes.

Enterosorbents

Enterosorbents are called drugs that bind and remove harmful substances from the body (toxins, bacteria, allergens, poisons, cholesterol, fats). They do an excellent job with gas neutralization. Means have a wide range of actions and are completely eliminated from the body. Classification of enterosorbents:

  • silicon - means widely used to cleanse the body,
  • carbon - drugs, which are different compounds of activated carbon,
  • organic - preparations made on the basis of natural fibers (cellulose, polysaccharides of brown algae, chitin and others).

Together with gases, enterosorbents can remove beneficial trace elements, nutrients and vitamins from the body, so they are not recommended to be used for a long time and during meals.

Activated carbon

The mechanism of action is based on the absorption and elimination of negative components, such as toxins, various toxic substances, heavy metals, gases.

The method of taking the drug is calculated according to the scheme 1 tablet per 10 kg of weight. It is recommended to take activated carbon an hour or several hours after eating and taking any medication.

Contraindications include:

  • ulcerative diseases of the digestive tract,
  • bleeding in the digestive organs.

It is not recommended to take the drug for more than a week - mechanical damage to the mucous membranes may occur.

The advantage of the tool is its availability and low price with effective action of the drug.

White coal

The active ingredients of the drug are silicon dioxide and cellulose. It is distributed in the form of tablets and powder. Means is more effective in comparison with absorbent carbon.

The drug helps to absorb and eliminate toxins, bacteria, allergens, reduces the manifestation of toxic-allergic reactions. Adults and children from 7 years old take 1-2 tablets 1 hour before meals 3-4 times a day.

  • GI bleeding,
  • ulcers,
  • erosion of the intestinal wall mucosa,
  • pregnancy and lactation,
  • obstruction.

Smecta is widely used to eliminate flatulence. The drug is able to positively influence the work of the entire digestive system, improve gastric motility, excrete the gases from the body. Distributed in powder form.

The drug is considered safe and effective treatment for children and adults. Due to its natural composition, Smecta quickly absorbs and removes viruses, pathogenic bacteria, toxins, gases, slags from the digestive tract.

The drug is allowed to use for women during pregnancy, as well as infants.

Among the contraindications emit:

  • fructose immunity,
  • obstruction,
  • sucrose deficiency,
  • allergic to aluminosilicate, dioctahedral smectite.

In the absence of contraindications, the drug is well tolerated by patients, does not cause side effects and complications.

Polysorb Silicon Dioxide is available in powder form for suspension. The drug has astringent antibacterial effect, removes toxins, toxins and other negative substances from the body.

Indications for use - bloating caused by food poisoning.

Among the contraindications should be noted:

  1. duodenal ulcer and stomach,
  2. GI bleeding,
  3. idiosyncrasy funds or its components.
  4. intestinal atony.

Preparations containing enzymes

Enzymatic agents are prescribed to patients in the event that flatulence and discomfort are caused by a disturbance of the digestive process due to an enzyme deficiency.

Prolonged use of the drug leads to addiction and reduced body production of its own enzymes.

Do not drink food enzymes juice, which can only aggravate the situation with the pancreas.

Mezim forte

Thanks to digestive enzymes in its composition, Mezim Forte helps to cope with problems such as flatulence, nausea and other dyspeptic disorders.

The components of the drug have a beneficial effect on intestinal peristalsis, contribute to the establishment of the processes of absorption, help to cope with diseases leading to gas formation.

Contraindications of the drug include:

  • personal intolerance to the components of the tool,
  • aggravated forms of pancreatitis,
  • pregnancy, lactation.

Among the side effects can occur such as allergic rashes, constipation, vomiting, nausea, discomfort in the stomach and intestines.

If you experience side effects, you should refuse further treatment and consult with your doctor.

The drug has the form of release in the form of capsules for chewing. Active ingredients - pork pancreatin, amylase, lipase, protease.

With flatulence, the drug helps to normalize the work of the stomach, to establish the processes of digestion, which helps to get rid of excessive gas formation and discomfort associated with this process.

  • acute pancreatitis,
  • stomach ulcer,
  • pregnancy and lactation,
  • individual intolerance to the components of the agent (macrogol, liquid paraffin, methyl hydroxypropyl cellulose phthalate, dimethicone, dibutyl phthalate).

Pancreatin

The medicine is an analogue of Mezim and Creon. Available in several forms: tablets, pills and capsules. Consists of food pancreatic enzyme isolated from the pancreas of animals. Apply 1-2 tablets before meals.

  • acute pancreatitis,
  • hypersensitivity to the drug.

To view the instructions for use of Pancreatin please follow the link.

Prokinetics

For various digestive disorders, including the formation of gases, drugs are used that can positively influence the work of the stomach and intestines, improving peristalsis. In addition, they have anti-emetic effect. Preparations are classified into:

  1. dopamine receptor blockers (selective 1st (Motilium, Motinorm, Motorix), 2nd generation (Ganatom, Itomed) and nonselective (Tsirukal)),
  2. Agonists of serotonin 5-HT4 - receptors. They have strong adverse reactions. These include: Fractal, Zelmak and Propulcide, Coordinate).
  3. Selective antagonists of 5-HT3 receptors. Representatives - Osetron and preparations with the active component silansetron. Have minimal adverse reactions.

To eliminate strong gas formation, you can use Motilium. The tool relates to selective prokinetics of the 1st generation, which do not have strong side reactions.

The drug stimulates the bowels, which allows you to effectively deal with the problem. The active ingredient in the preparation is domperidone.

Drug release form is as follows:

  • pills,
  • syrup,
  • plates for sucking.

The active ingredients of the remedy help relieve such symptoms of flatulence as nausea, belching, and a feeling of heaviness in the stomach.

Contraindications of the drug include:

  1. bleeding in the stomach or intestines,
  2. personal intolerance to medication components,
  3. simultaneous reception of some medications (fluconazole, telithromecin, amiodarone).

The medicine of the new generation normalizes the motility of the stomach and positively affects the entire digestive system. Indications for use are various dyspeptic disorders, including flatulence.

Available medicine in the form of blisters, in packs of 7, 10 and 14 pieces. The regimen is determined by the doctor, taking into account the disease and the individual characteristics of the patient.

Among the contraindications are the following:

  • children under 16 years old
  • lactose immunity,
  • the period of pregnancy and lactation,
  • idiosyncrasy funds or its components.

Antifoam Preparations

The mechanism of action of these drugs is to remove the foam on the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines. This process contributes to the removal of gases to the outside or their rapid absorption into the intestinal wall. The components of the product are completely eliminated from the body, but they do not eliminate the problem of gas formation.

Espumizan is a reliable and effective medicine for children and adults. Thanks to simethicone, which is in the composition of the drug, it is possible to reduce the process of meteorism, to remove gases from the body in a natural way.

A feature of the drug is its narrow focus. Indications for use are as follows:

  1. flatulence of various etiologies,
  2. intestinal colic in infants,
  3. food poisoning, accompanied by gas,
  4. cleansing the stomach and intestines before various medical studies.

The tool is available in the form of drops and capsules. Espumizan is used in the period of carrying a child and breastfeeding. The drug is well tolerated and does not cause side effects.

Contraindications include:

  • intestinal obstruction
  • gastrointestinal tract obstructive nature,
  • personal intolerance to the drug.

Maalox Plus

Maalox has adsorbing, carminative and enveloping properties. The drug is used in various diseases of the digestive system, flatulence, reduced motility and tone of the stomach.

With long-term use of the drug is recommended to increase the amount of phosphorus entering the patient's body.

  • pregnancy and lactation,
  • individual intolerance to the components of the drug,
  • Alzheimer's disease,
  • children under 12 years old.

At the heart of the funds are 2 active components - dimetikon and guayazule, complement each other. The drug reduces gas and foam formation in the intestines, eliminates flatulence and minimizes painful sensations.

It has an enveloping, absorbing, antacid and anti-inflammatory effect. Available in the form of capsules and pastes. Assign 1 capsule, regardless of the meal 4 times a day. The gel in undiluted form is taken 10 g 3 times a day before meals or when pain appears.

Not assigned to patients in whom individual hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.

Probiotics

In medical practice, probiotics refer to products that contain living microorganisms. They ensure the normal functioning of the human digestive system. In case of flatulence caused by dysbacteriosis and other diseases, after undergoing a course of taking antibiotics due to a decrease in the body's beneficial bacteria, probiotics are extremely necessary.

The linex contains useful bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, as well as enterococci, due to which it is possible to cope with many dyspeptic disorders in various diseases of the digestive organs.Indications for the use of the drug is dysbacteriosis and its manifestations such as pain, diarrhea, nausea and excessive gas formation.

Contraindications include:

  • increase in body temperature up to 38 degrees
  • blood in feces
  • individual intolerance to the drug or its components.

Linex is allowed during pregnancy. Does not cause side effects, is well tolerated by patients.

Hilak forte

The drug Khilak Forte is used as an effective medicine for any disruption of the digestive system, accompanied by symptoms such as flatulence, nausea, belching, heaviness, diarrhea.

Drops for internal use have a small number of side effects, are allowed for women during pregnancy and lactation. The tool has no contraindications, with the exception of personal intolerance to the components of the drug and an acute manifestation of diarrhea.

The drug has antidiarrheal, anti-infective and anti-toxic effects. It has a biological origin, a high concentration of bifidobacteria activates parietal digestion of the intestine, the synthesis of vitamins and amino acids, enhances the protective function of the intestine and immunity. Available in pill and powder form. The drug has no contraindications, except as an individual intolerance to the components of the drug.

The drug should be carefully used for lactose deficiency.

Effective remedy for bloating and increased gas formation - the recommendations of doctors.

Excessive flatulence can be the result of many diseases. Competent medication, careful attention to your body will help to avoid many problems in the future and maintain their health.

Watch the video: Minimize Your Bloat With These Natural Diuretics (January 2020).